ItalianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin -eus.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /e.o/
  • Hyphenation: -e‧o

SuffixEdit

-eo m (feminine -ea, masculine plural -ei, feminine plural -ee)

  1. Used to form adjectives referring to the qualities of the root noun; -en, -eous, -ean
Usage notesEdit
  • Terms formed with this suffix are stressed on the antepenultimate (penultimate if the sequence eo is interpreted as vowel + glide).
  • The suffix is attached to the stem of a noun indicating a material or substance to express material composition:
Examples:
ferro (iron)ferreo (made of iron)
argento (silver)argenteo (made of silver)
acqua (water)acqueo (made of water, watery)
  • When the root is a proper noun, the adjective indicates relation:
Examples:
Cesare (Caesar)cesareo (Caesarean, of or pertaining to Julius Caesar)
Medicimediceo (of or pertaining to the Medici family)
  • In some cases, adjectives descending from Latin exhibit fossilized characteristics which are otherwise lost in the root noun:
Examples:
corpo (body)corporeo (bodily, corporeal) (cfr. Latin corpor-, oblique stem of corpus)
legno (wood)ligneo (wooden, made from wood) (cfr. Latin lignum)
oro (gold)aureo (golden, made of gold) (cfr. Latin aurum)
Ercole (Hercules)erculeo (Herculean, pertaining to Hercules) (cfr. Latin Herculēs)

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin -aeus, from Ancient Greek -αῖος (-aîos).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛ.o/
  • Rhymes: -ɛo
  • Hyphenation: -è‧o

SuffixEdit

-eo m (feminine -ea, masculine plural -ei, feminine plural -ee)

  1. Used to form adjectives and nouns expressing relation to the root noun; -an, -ean
Usage notesEdit
  • The suffix is attached to place names to derive adjectives expressing a relationship of origin or relation, and to create ethnonyms:
Examples:
Etnaetneo (of or pertaining to mount Etna; person from or inhabitant of the Etna region)
Ragusa (city in Croatia)raguseo (of or pertaining to the city of Ragusa; person from or inhabitant of Ragusa)
  • If the root is a proper noun, the adjective indicates correlation:
Euclide (Euclid)euclideo (Euclidean, pertaining to Euclid)
Augusto (Augustus)augusteo (Augustan, pertaining to emperor Augustus or his time)
  • It can also form adjectives related to body parts:
carotide (carotid)carotideo (pertaining to a carotid)
faringe (pharynx)faringeo (pharyngeal, pertaining to the pharynx)
Derived termsEdit

LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Italic *-ēō, from verbs with Proto-Indo-European *-éh₁yeti (stative suffix).

SuffixEdit

-eō (present infinitive -ēre); second conjugation, no perfect or supine stem

  1. Forms stative verbs from adjectives.
ConjugationEdit
   Conjugation of -eō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -eō -ēs -et -ēmus -ētis -ent
imperfect -ēbam -ēbās -ēbat -ēbāmus -ēbātis -ēbant
future -ēbō -ēbis -ēbit -ēbimus -ēbitis -ēbunt
perfect -uī -uistī -uit -uimus -uistis -uērunt,
-uēre
pluperfect -ueram -uerās -uerat -uerāmus -uerātis -uerant
future perfect -uerō -ueris -uerit -uerimus -ueritis -uerint
sigmatic future1 ,
ēssō
-is,
ēssis
-it,
ēssit
-imus,
ēssimus
-itis,
ēssitis
-int,
ēssint
passive present -eor -ēris,
-ēre
-ētur -ēmur -ēminī -entur
imperfect -ēbar -ēbāris,
-ēbāre
-ēbātur -ēbāmur -ēbāminī -ēbantur
future -ēbor -ēberis,
-ēbere
-ēbitur -ēbimur -ēbiminī -ēbuntur
perfect -itus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect -itus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect -itus + future active indicative of sum
sigmatic future1 -or,
ēssor
-eris,
ēsseris
-itur,
ēssitur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -eam -eās -eat -eāmus -eātis -eant
imperfect -ērem -ērēs -ēret -ērēmus -ērētis -ērent
perfect -uerim -uerīs -uerit -uerīmus -uerītis -uerint
pluperfect -uissem -uissēs -uisset -uissēmus -uissētis -uissent
sigmatic aorist1 -im,
ēssim
-īs,
ēssīs
-īt,
ēssīt
-īmus,
ēssīmus
-ītis,
ēssītis
-int,
ēssint
passive present -ear -eāris,
-eāre
-eātur -eāmur -eāminī -eantur
imperfect -ērer -ērēris,
-ērēre
-ērētur -ērēmur -ērēminī -ērentur
perfect -itus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect -itus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -ēte
future -ētō -ētō -ētōte -entō
passive present -ēre -ēminī
future -ētor -ētor -entor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives -ēre -uisse -itūrum esse -ērī -itum esse -itum īrī
participles -ēns -itūrus -itus -endus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
-endī -endō -endum -endō -itum -itū

1At least one use of the archaic "sigmatic future" and "sigmatic aorist" tenses is attested, which are used by Old Latin writers; most notably Plautus and Terence. The sigmatic future is generally ascribed a future or future perfect meaning, while the sigmatic aorist expresses a possible desire ("might want to"). It is also attested as having a rare sigmatic future passive indicative form ("will have been").

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Italic *-eō, from causative / frequentative verbs with Proto-Indo-European *-éyeti (causative suffix).

SuffixEdit

-eō (present infinitive -ēre); second conjugation, no perfect or supine stem

  1. (no longer productive) Forms causative verbs from primary (third conjugation and some fourth conjugation) verbs.
ConjugationEdit
   Conjugation of -eō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -eō -ēs -et -ēmus -ētis -ent
imperfect -ēbam -ēbās -ēbat -ēbāmus -ēbātis -ēbant
future -ēbō -ēbis -ēbit -ēbimus -ēbitis -ēbunt
perfect -uī -uistī -uit -uimus -uistis -uērunt,
-uēre
pluperfect -ueram -uerās -uerat -uerāmus -uerātis -uerant
future perfect -uerō -ueris -uerit -uerimus -ueritis -uerint
sigmatic future1 ,
ēssō
-is,
ēssis
-it,
ēssit
-imus,
ēssimus
-itis,
ēssitis
-int,
ēssint
passive present -eor -ēris,
-ēre
-ētur -ēmur -ēminī -entur
imperfect -ēbar -ēbāris,
-ēbāre
-ēbātur -ēbāmur -ēbāminī -ēbantur
future -ēbor -ēberis,
-ēbere
-ēbitur -ēbimur -ēbiminī -ēbuntur
perfect -itus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect -itus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect -itus + future active indicative of sum
sigmatic future1 -or,
ēssor
-eris,
ēsseris
-itur,
ēssitur
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -eam -eās -eat -eāmus -eātis -eant
imperfect -ērem -ērēs -ēret -ērēmus -ērētis -ērent
perfect -uerim -uerīs -uerit -uerīmus -uerītis -uerint
pluperfect -uissem -uissēs -uisset -uissēmus -uissētis -uissent
sigmatic aorist1 -im,
ēssim
-īs,
ēssīs
-īt,
ēssīt
-īmus,
ēssīmus
-ītis,
ēssītis
-int,
ēssint
passive present -ear -eāris,
-eāre
-eātur -eāmur -eāminī -eantur
imperfect -ērer -ērēris,
-ērēre
-ērētur -ērēmur -ērēminī -ērentur
perfect -itus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect -itus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present -ēte
future -ētō -ētō -ētōte -entō
passive present -ēre -ēminī
future -ētor -ētor -entor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives -ēre -uisse -itūrum esse -ērī -itum esse -itum īrī
participles -ēns -itūrus -itus -endus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
-endī -endō -endum -endō -itum -itū

1At least one use of the archaic "sigmatic future" and "sigmatic aorist" tenses is attested, which are used by Old Latin writers; most notably Plautus and Terence. The sigmatic future is generally ascribed a future or future perfect meaning, while the sigmatic aorist expresses a possible desire ("might want to"). It is also attested as having a rare sigmatic future passive indicative form ("will have been").

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

SuffixEdit

-eō

  1. dative/ablative masculine/neuter singular of -eus

ReferencesEdit


SpanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin -eus.

SuffixEdit

-eo (feminine -ea, masculine plural -eos, feminine plural -eas)

  1. -eous; Used to form adjectives meaning resembling or having characteristics of the related term.
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-eo m (plural -eos)

  1. Used to create nouns from verbs suffixed with -ear, means 'action and effect'.
Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit