Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₁énos

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

Alternative reconstructionsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From *h₁é.

PronounEdit

*h₁énos

  1. that, that over there, yon (distal)

InflectionEdit

Thematic pronominal
masculine feminine
nominative *h₁énos *h₁éneh₂
genitive *h₁énosyo *h₁énosyeh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *h₁énos *h₁énoh₁ *h₁énoy
accusative *h₁énom *h₁énoh₁ *h₁énoms
genitive *h₁énosyo *? *h₁énoysoHom
ablative *h₁énosmead *? *h₁énoymos
dative *h₁énosmey *? *h₁énoymos
locative *h₁énosmi *? *h₁énoysu
instrumental *h₁énonoh₁ *? *h₁énōys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *h₁éneh₂ *? *h₁éneh₂es
accusative *h₁énām *? *h₁éneh₂m̥s
genitive *h₁énosyeh₂s *? *h₁éneh₂soHom
ablative *h₁énosyeh₂s *? *h₁éneh₂mos
dative *h₁énosyeh₂ey *? *h₁éneh₂mos
locative *h₁énosyeh₂ *? *h₁éneh₂su
instrumental *h₁éneh₂(e)h₁ *? *h₁éneh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *h₁énod *h₁énoy *h₁éneh₂
accusative *h₁énod *h₁énoy *h₁éneh₂
genitive *h₁énosyo *? *h₁énoysoHom
ablative *h₁énosmead *? *h₁énoymos
dative *h₁énosmey *? *h₁énoymos
locative *h₁énosmi *? *h₁énoysu
instrumental *h₁énonoh₁ *? *h₁énōys

Derived termsEdit

  • *h₁é-ḱey-h₁(e)nos (formed with the augment *h₁é and particle *ḱe)
    • Hellenic: *ékeyenos
  • *Hyo-h₁enos (formed with the relative pronoun *Hyós)

DescendantsEdit

From *h₁énos:

  • Hellenic:
    • Ancient Greek ἔνη (énē, last day of month; day after tomorrow)
  • Italic:
  • Anatolian:
    • Hittite: [script needed] (eni-, uni-, that)
  • Tocharian: *äna- (Descendants only attested in compounds.)[1]

From *h₁ónos:

  • Anatolian:
    • Hittite: [script needed] (anniš, that) (or from *h₁nós)
  • Balto-Slavic: *anas

From *h₁nós:

  • Anatolian:
    • Hittite: [script needed] (anniš, that) (if not from *h₁ónos)
  • Italic:
  • Old Armenian: *նո- (*no-)
  1. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013) , “intsu”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, pages 69-70