U+AD6C, 구
HANGUL SYLLABLE GU
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:r-n

[U+AD6B]
Hangul Syllables
[U+AD6D]
See also: -구- and -구

(see above for verbal suffixes)

See also:


굿

교 ←→ 궈

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Sino-Korean word from (nine).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gu
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gu
McCune–Reischauer?ku
Yale Romanization?kwu

NumeralEdit

Korean numbers (edit)
90
 ←  8 9 10  → 
    Native isol.: 아홉 (ahop)
    Native attr.: 아홉 (ahop)
    Sino-Korean: (gu)
    Hanja:
    Ordinal: 아홉째 (ahopjjae)

(gu) (hanja )

  1. (Sino-Korean numeral) nine
Usage notesEdit

In modern Korean, numbers are usually written in Arabic numerals.

The Korean language has two sets of numerals: a native set of numerals inherited from Old Korean, and a Sino-Korean set which was borrowed from Middle Chinese in the first millennium C.E.

Native classifiers take native numerals.

Some Sino-Korean classifiers take native numerals, others take Sino-Korean numerals, while yet others take both.

Recently loaned classifiers generally take Sino-Korean numerals.

For many terms, a native numeral has a quantifying sense, whereas a Sino-Korean numeral has a sense of labeling.

  • 반(班) (se ban, three school classes, native numeral)
  • 반(班) (sam ban, Class Number Three, Sino-Korean numeral)

When used in isolation, native numerals refer to objects of that number and are used in counting and quantifying, whereas Sino-Korean numerals refer to the numbers in a more mathematical sense.

  • 하나 주세 (hana-man deo juse-yo, Could you give me just one more, please, native numeral)
  • 더하기 ? (Il deohagi ir-eun?, What's one plus one?, Sino-Korean numeral)

While older stages of Korean had native numerals up to the thousands, native numerals currently exist only up to ninety-nine, and Sino-Korean is used for all higher numbers. There is also a tendency—particularly among younger speakers—to uniformly use Sino-Korean numerals for the higher tens as well, so that native numerals such as 일흔 (ilheun, “seventy”) or 아흔 (aheun, “ninety”) are becoming less common.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Sino-Korean word from (ball, sphere).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gu
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gu
McCune–Reischauer?ku
Yale Romanization?kwu

NounEdit

(gu) (hanja )

  1. sphere
Derived termsEdit
See alsoEdit
  • (gong, ball)

Etymology 3Edit

Sino-Korean word from (former, old).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ku(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gu
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gu
McCune–Reischauer?ku
Yale Romanization?kwū

DeterminerEdit

(gu) (hanja )

  1. former; defunct
    Antonym: 신(新) (sin, new)
    시대gusidaeformer period; bygone period
    소련gu Soryeonthe former Soviet Union
Usage notesEdit
  • Before most common nouns, it is written without spaces as a prefix.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Sino-Korean word from (area, district).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gu
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gu
McCune–Reischauer?ku
Yale Romanization?kwu

NounEdit

(gu) (hanja )

  1. ward, district; administrative division of a large city.
Coordinate termsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Sino-Korean word from (classifier for coffins, corpses).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gu
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gu
McCune–Reischauer?ku
Yale Romanization?kwu

CounterEdit

(gu) (hanja )

  1. Used to count corpses.
Usage notesEdit
  • Usually takes native numerals.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

Sino-Korean word from (mouth, hole).

CounterEdit

(gu) (hanja )

  1. (Early Modern, obsolete) Used to count family members.

SuffixEdit

—구 (-gu) (hanja )

  1. gateway
    출입(出入) (churip, coming and going) + ‎구(口) (gu) → ‎출입구(出入口) (churipgu, entrance/exit)
    비상(非常) (bisang, emergency) + ‎구(口) (gu) → ‎비상구(非常口) (bisanggu, emergency exit)

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 7Edit

Sino-Korean word from (tool).

SuffixEdit

—구 (-gu) (hanja )

  1. tool for...
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 8Edit

Sino-Korean word from .

NumeralEdit

(gu) (hanja )

  1. (rare) the number 1032
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 9Edit

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

SyllableEdit

(gu)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨu))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨu))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨu))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuX))
  5. :
    (MC reading: )
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuX))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨɑ))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC həuH))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu))
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨo))
  12. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɑu, ɡɨuX))
  13. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɨoX))
  14. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨoH))
  15. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəu, kəuH))
  16. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨo))
  17. :
    (MC reading: )
  18. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨu))
  19. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəu, kəuH))
  20. :
    (MC reading: )
  21. :
    (MC reading: )
  22. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨuH))
  23. :
    (MC reading: )
  24. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨo, ʔəu))
  25. :
    (MC reading: )
  26. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨo, kəu, kɨoH, kəuH))
  27. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu))
  28. :
    (MC reading: (MC həuX, hɨoH))
  29. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɑu, ɡɨuX))
  30. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔəu, ʔəuX))
  31. :
    (MC reading: )
  32. :
    (MC reading: )
  33. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuX))
  34. :
    (MC reading: )
  35. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuH))
  36. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuH))
  37. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨuH))
  38. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəu, kɨoX, kəuX))
  39. :
    (MC reading: (MC hɨoH))
  40. :
    (MC reading: )
  41. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuH))
  42. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨo, kʰəu))
  43. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuH))
  44. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨo, ɡɨu))
  45. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨo))
  46. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨʌX))
  47. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰəuX, kʰəuH))
  48. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨo))
  49. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨoH))
  50. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuH))
  51. :
    (MC reading: )
  52. :
    (MC reading: )
  53. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuH))
  54. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨo))
  55. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨo, kəuX))
  56. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨoH))
  57. :
    (MC reading: )
  58. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔɨoH))
  59. :
    (MC reading: )
  60. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨoX))
  61. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuH))
  62. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔəu, ʔəuX))
  63. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔəuX))
  64. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu))
  65. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu))
  66. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəu))
  67. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔəu, ʔəuH))
  68. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuX, kɨuH))
  69. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuX))
  70. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuX))
  71. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu))
  72. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu, ɡiɪu))
  73. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔəu))
  74. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuH))
  75. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨo))
  76. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨo))
  77. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨo, kɨoH))
  78. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨoX))
  79. :
    (MC reading: (MC kuk̚))
  80. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuH))
  81. :
    (MC reading: )
  82. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨoX))
  83. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəu))
  84. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨuX))
  85. 絿:
    (MC reading: 絿 (MC ɡɨu))
  86. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuX))
  87. :
    (MC reading: )
  88. :
    (MC reading: )
  89. :
    (MC reading: )
  90. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨuX))
  91. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨuX))
  92. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨuH))
  93. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuX))
  94. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨoX, kɨoH))
  95. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨu))
  96. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨo))
  97. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu))
  98. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuH))
  99. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuX, kʰəuH, həuH))
  100. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔəu))
  101. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuH))
  102. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨo))
  103. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu))
  104. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəuH))
  105. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨu))
  106. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰəuX))
  107. :
    (MC reading: (MC kəu))
  108. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨu))
  109. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuk̚))
  110. :
    (MC reading: )
  111. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨuX))
  112. :
    (MC reading: )
  113. :
    (MC reading: )
  114. :
    (MC reading: )
  115. :
    (MC reading: )
  116. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨo))
  117. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰɨo, kʰɨoH))
  118. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨu, kiɪuX))
  119. :
    (MC reading: (MC kɨu))
  120. :
    (MC reading: (MC kʰəuH))
  121. :
    (MC reading: (MC ʔəu))
  122. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡɨo))
  123. :
    (MC reading: (MC huʌi, ɡɨu))
  124. :
    (MC reading: (MC kˠiuɪ, kɨu))