This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Equivalent to *raziti (to pound, to bounce) +‎ *-ъ, from Proto-Indo-European *wreh₁ǵ-. Cognate with Lithuanian rúоžаs (dash), Latvian rоzа (hill) and akin to Ancient Greek ῥώξ (rhṓx, crack). In many daughter languages, the lemma became fossilized into an adverb with a sense similar to English once.


rȃzъ m[1]

  1. tact, dash, stroke
    (by extension) unit for measuring time
  2. mark
  3. case


Related termsEdit

Derived termsEdit


  • East Slavic:
    • Belarusian: раз (raz)
    • Russian: раз (raz)
    • Ukrainian: раз (raz)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: ráz
    • Polish: raz
    • Slovak: raz
    • Sorbian:
      Upper Sorbian: raz
      Lower Sorbian: raz

Further readingEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “раз”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Račeva M., Todorov T., editors (2002) , “раз”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 6, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 147
  • Snoj, Marko (2016) , “ráziti”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “rȃz”


  1. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) , “razъ raza”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c (SA 41; RPT 99, 102)”