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Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/slověninъ

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Roman Jakobson insists on this etymology: from *slovo (word); with link to Old East Slavic кличане (kličane, hunters, who raise game by shout) : кличь (kličʹ), and also on the opposition *slověne vs. *němьci.

  • Trubachev (Трубачёв): Jakobson's etymology is promising, with the verb *slovǫ, *sluti (to speak (understandably)).
  • Vasmer: it has nothing with *slava (glory, fame) which influenced in terms of folk etymology later. *slověne can't be formed from *slovo because *-ěninъ, *-aninъ only occurs in derivations from place names, however local name *Slovy is not attested. Most likely it's derived from hydronym.
Compare Old East Slavic Словутичь (Slovutičĭ)Dnepr epithet, Russian Слуя (Sluja) ― affluent of Вазуза (Vazuza), Polish river names Sława, Sławica, Serbo-Croatian Славница and others which brings together with Ancient Greek κλύζω (klúzō, I lave), κλύζωει (klúzōei) · πλημμυρεῖ (plēmmureî), ῥέει (rhéei), βρύει (brúei), κλύδων (klúdōn, surf), Latin cluō (i clean), cloāca (sewer pipe). Other etymologies are less likely.
Otrębski brings interesting parallel ― Lithuanian village name Šlavė́nai on river Šlavė̃ identical to Proto-Slavic slověne.

NounEdit

*slověninъ m

  1. Slav

DeclensionEdit

This noun needs an inflection-table template.

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “славянин”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačev O. N., Moscow: Progress
  • Slav” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–. (etymology)
  • Трубачев О. Н. Из исследований по праславянскому словообразованию: генезис модели на -ěninъ, -*janinъ // Этимология 1980. М.: «Наука», 1982. С.
  • Sreznevskij, I. I. (1912), “словѣнинъ”, in Materialy dlja slovarja drevne-russkago jazyka po pisʹmennym pamjatnikam [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old Russian Language According to Written Monuments] (in Russian), volume 3, Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 421
  • Stanislav, Jan (1904-1977): Starosloviensky jazyk II: Morfológia, Bratislava 1987