English edit

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Etymology edit

Borrowed from German Zahn.

Proper noun edit

Zahn (plural Zahns)

  1. A surname from German.

Statistics edit

  • According to the 2010 United States Census, Zahn is the 5695th most common surname in the United States, belonging to 6086 individuals. Zahn is most common among White (93.95%) individuals.

Further reading edit

Central Franconian edit

Alternative forms edit

  • Zand (Moselle Franconian; some dialects of Ripuarian)
  • Zank (Ripuarian; now chiefly western dialects)

Etymology edit

From German Zahn, from Middle High German zan, zant, from Old High German zan, zand, from Proto-West Germanic *tanþ.

The velarised form Zank, which is native in most of Ripuarian, has widely been replaced in eastern dialects; some of them have adopted the southern form Zand, others the standard German form Zahn. As can be seen below, the native plural Zäng remains intact. Compare Hand for more.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

Zahn m (plural Zäng, diminutive Zähnche)

  1. (some dialects of Ripuarian) tooth

German edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German zan, zant, from Old High German zan, zand, from Proto-West Germanic *tanþ, from Proto-Germanic *tanþs.

The Old High German nominative zan alongside zand is not quite clear, but may go back to an inherited variation that was levelled in the other old languages. The stems zan- and zand- were then used indiscriminately in Middle High German. The success of the form without -d may have been reinforced by the widespread dialectal development: intervocalic -nd--nn-, which produced d-less inflected forms even in dialects that used zand-. Cognates include Dutch and Danish tand, English tooth. See the latter for more.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /t͡saːn/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aːn

Noun edit

Zahn m (strong, genitive Zahnes or Zahns, plural Zähne, diminutive Zähnchen n or Zähnlein n)

  1. tooth
  2. fang
  3. tusk
  4. cog, tine

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Central Franconian: Zahn

Further reading edit

  • Zahn” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • Zahn” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • Zahn” in Duden online
  •   Zahn on the German Wikipedia.Wikipedia de