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LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From ab- (from, away from) +‎ errō (wander, stray).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

aberrō (present infinitive aberrāre, perfect active aberrāvī, supine aberrātum); first conjugation

  1. (transitive, sometimes with ab) I wander, stray or deviate from.
  2. (intransitive) I aberr, aberrate, go astray, get lost; deviate, digress.
  3. (intransitive) I seek distraction, forget for a time.
  4. (intransitive, by extension) I go wrong, make a mistake, err.

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of aberrō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present aberrō aberrās aberrat aberrāmus aberrātis aberrant
imperfect aberrābam aberrābās aberrābat aberrābāmus aberrābātis aberrābant
future aberrābō aberrābis aberrābit aberrābimus aberrābitis aberrābunt
perfect aberrāvī aberrāvistī, aberrāstī1 aberrāvit aberrāvimus aberrāvistis, aberrāstis1 aberrāvērunt, aberrāvēre
pluperfect aberrāveram aberrāverās aberrāverat aberrāverāmus aberrāverātis aberrāverant
future perfect aberrāverō aberrāveris aberrāverit aberrāverimus aberrāveritis aberrāverint
passive present aberror aberrāris, aberrāre aberrātur aberrāmur aberrāminī aberrantur
imperfect aberrābar aberrābāris, aberrābāre aberrābātur aberrābāmur aberrābāminī aberrābantur
future aberrābor aberrāberis, aberrābere aberrābitur aberrābimur aberrābiminī aberrābuntur
perfect aberrātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect aberrātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect aberrātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present aberrem aberrēs aberret aberrēmus aberrētis aberrent
imperfect aberrārem aberrārēs aberrāret aberrārēmus aberrārētis aberrārent
perfect aberrāverim aberrāverīs aberrāverit aberrāverīmus aberrāverītis aberrāverint
pluperfect aberrāvissem, aberrāssem1 aberrāvissēs, aberrāssēs1 aberrāvisset, aberrāsset1 aberrāvissēmus, aberrāssēmus1 aberrāvissētis, aberrāssētis1 aberrāvissent, aberrāssent1
passive present aberrer aberrēris, aberrēre aberrētur aberrēmur aberrēminī aberrentur
imperfect aberrārer aberrārēris, aberrārēre aberrārētur aberrārēmur aberrārēminī aberrārentur
perfect aberrātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect aberrātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present aberrā aberrāte
future aberrātō aberrātō aberrātōte aberrantō
passive present aberrāre aberrāminī
future aberrātor aberrātor aberrantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives aberrāre aberrāvisse, aberrāsse1 aberrātūrum esse aberrārī aberrātum esse aberrātum īrī
participles aberrāns aberrātūrus aberrātus aberrandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
aberrandī aberrandō aberrandum aberrandō aberrātum aberrātū

1At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Catalan: aberrar
  • English: aberr, aberrate
  • French: aberrer

ReferencesEdit

  • aberro in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aberro in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aberro in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to digress from the point at issue: a proposito aberrare, declinare, deflectere, digredi, egredi
    • but to return from the digression we have been making: sed redeat, unde aberravit oratio

PortugueseEdit

VerbEdit

aberro

  1. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of aberrar

SpanishEdit

VerbEdit

aberro

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of aberrar.