See also: constò and constó




  1. first-person singular present indicative form of constar




  1. first-person singular present indicative of constare




From Proto-Italic *komstaēō. Equivalent to con- (together) +‎ stō (stand).



cōnstō (present infinitive cōnstāre, perfect active cōnstitī, supine cōnstātum); first conjugation, no passive

  1. to stand together
    • Caesar, de Bello Gallico VII, 28:
      In foro ac locis patentioribus [...] constiterunt
      They stood together in the marketplace and the more open places
  2. to stand still; to remain the same; stand firm
  3. to agree, correspond, fit
  4. to be certain, decided, agreed upon, consistent
  5. (used impersonally) it is well known
  6. to consist, to be composed of
    • c. 1300, Tractatus de Ponderibus et Mensuris
      carrus plumbi constat ex triginta fotmallis
      The fother of lead is formed from thirty fotmals.
  7. to cost (with ablative)
    Multō sanguine victōria nōbīs cōnstitit.
    The victory cost us much blood.
    Quanti constat?
    How much does it cost?


   Conjugation of cōnstō (first conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cōnstō cōnstās cōnstat cōnstāmus cōnstātis cōnstant
imperfect cōnstābam cōnstābās cōnstābat cōnstābāmus cōnstābātis cōnstābant
future cōnstābō cōnstābis cōnstābit cōnstābimus cōnstābitis cōnstābunt
perfect cōnstitī cōnstitistī cōnstitit cōnstitimus cōnstitistis cōnstitērunt, cōnstitēre
pluperfect cōnstiteram cōnstiterās cōnstiterat cōnstiterāmus cōnstiterātis cōnstiterant
future perfect cōnstiterō cōnstiteris cōnstiterit cōnstiterimus cōnstiteritis cōnstiterint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cōnstem cōnstēs cōnstet cōnstēmus cōnstētis cōnstent
imperfect cōnstārem cōnstārēs cōnstāret cōnstārēmus cōnstārētis cōnstārent
perfect cōnstiterim cōnstiterīs cōnstiterit cōnstiterīmus cōnstiterītis cōnstiterint
pluperfect cōnstitissem cōnstitissēs cōnstitisset cōnstitissēmus cōnstitissētis cōnstitissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cōnstā cōnstāte
future cōnstātō cōnstātō cōnstātōte cōnstantō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives cōnstāre cōnstitisse cōnstātūrum esse
participles cōnstāns cōnstātūrus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
cōnstandī cōnstandō cōnstandum cōnstandō cōnstātum cōnstātū




  • consto in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • consto in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • consto in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I am losing my eyesight and getting deaf: neque auribus neque oculis satis consto
    • to be composed of; to consist of: constare ex aliqua re
    • it is a recognised fact: inter omnes constat
    • I have not made up my mind: mihi non constat (with indirect question)
    • to contradict oneself, be inconsistent: a se dissidere or sibi non constare (of persons)
    • to compose oneself with difficulty: mente vix constare (Tusc. 4. 17. 39)
    • to be consistent: sibi constare, constantem esse
    • a thing costs much, little: aliquid magno, parvo stat, constat
    • a thing costs nothing: aliquid nihilo or gratis constat
    • the accounts balance: ratio alicuius rei constat (convenit, par est)




  1. first-person singular present indicative of constar




  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of constar.