From Middle English *shudderen, *schuderen (suggested by Middle English shuddering, schudering (“shaking, quivering, shuddering”)), from Middle Dutch schudderen and/or Middle Low German schodderen, iterative forms of the verb at hand in Dutch schudden, Low German schüdden (both “to shake”), German schütten (“to pour”), from Proto-Germanic *skudjaną, from Proto-Indo-European *skewdʰ-. From Low German are also borrowed German schaudern (“to shudder”), Danish skudre.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈʃʌdə/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈʃʌdɚ/
Audio (US) (file)
- Homophone: shutter (accents with flapping)
- Rhymes: -ʌdə(ɹ)
- Hyphenation: shud‧der
shudder (plural shudders)
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- (shake nervously): palpitate, shiver, shake, quake
- (vibrate jerkily): flutter, jiggle, shake, wiggle