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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From late Middle English abolisshen, from Middle French abolir, aboliss- (extended stem),[1] from Latin abolēre (to retard, check the growth of, (and by extension) destroy, abolish), inchoative abolēscere (to wither, vanish, (Classical) cease),[2] probably from ab (from, away from) + *olēre (to increase, grow) which is found only in compound.[3]

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) enPR: ə-bŏl'ĭsh IPA(key): /əˈbɒlɪʃ/
  • (US) IPA(key): /əˈbɑl.ɪʃ/, /əˈbɑl.əʃ/
  • (file)

VerbEdit

abolish (third-person singular simple present abolishes, present participle abolishing, simple past and past participle abolished or (obsolete) abolisht)

  1. To end a law, system, institution, custom or practice. [First attested from around 1350 to 1470.][4]
    Slavery was abolished in the nineteenth century.
    • 2002, William Schabas, The abolition of the death penalty in international law, Cambridge University Press, title:
      The abolition of the death penalty in international law
  2. (archaic) To put an end to or destroy, as a physical object; to wipe out. [First attested from around 1350 to 1470.][4]
    • (Can we date this quote?), Edmund Spenser, (Please provide the book title or journal name):
      And with thy blood abolish so reproachful blot.
    • (Can we date this quote?), Alfred Tennyson, (Please provide the book title or journal name):
      His quick instinctive hand Caught at the hilt, as to abolish him.

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

  • (to end a law, system, institution, custom or practice): establish, found

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

terms derived from Latin “abolēre”

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ abolisshen, v.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2018, retrieved 20 October 2019.
  2. ^ Laurence Urdang (editor), The Random House College Dictionary (Random House, 1984 [1975], →ISBN), page 4
  3. ^ Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], →ISBN), page 4
  4. 4.0 4.1 “abolish” in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, →ISBN, page 6.