abstinence

EnglishEdit

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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English, from Old French astinence, from Latin abstinentia, from abstinens, present participle of abstinēō (withhold).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

abstinence (uncountable)

  1. The act or practice of abstaining, refraining from indulging a desire or appetite. [First attested around 1150 to 1350.][1]
    Penance, fasts, and abstinence, / To punish bodies for the soul's offense. - John Dryden
    The abstinence from a present pleasure that offers itself is a pain, nay, oftentimes, a very great one.John Locke
    Complete abstinence is easier than perfect moderation.St Augustine
    1. Specifically, the practice of abstaining from intoxicating/alcoholic beverages; total abstinence; teetotalism). [First attested around 1150 to 1350.][1]
    2. Specifically, the practice of abstaining from sexual intercourse, either permanently or until marriage. [First attested around 1150 to 1350.][1]
    3. (ecclesiastical) Abstention from certain foods on days of penitential observance. [First attested around 1150 to 1350.][1]
  2. The practice of self-denial; self-restraint; forebearance from anything. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][1]
  3. (obsolete) Self-denial; abstaining; or forebearance of anything. [First attested around 1150 to 1350.][1]
  4. (business) Delay of spending to accrue capital.

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 10

FrenchEdit

NounEdit

abstinence f (plural abstinences)

  1. abstinence (act or practice of abstaining)
  2. abstinence (specifically act or practice of abstaining from alcohol)
  3. abstinence (specifically act or practice of abstaining from sexual relations)

Middle FrenchEdit

NounEdit

abstinence f (plural abstinences)

  1. abstinence (act or practice of abstaining)
Last modified on 15 April 2014, at 22:47