Alternative formsEdit


From ab- (away from) +‎ teneō (hold; restrain).



abstineō (present infinitive abstinēre, perfect active abstinuī, supine abstentum); second conjugation

  1. I abstain.
  2. I keep, stay off or away, hold at a distance, avoid.
  3. (with nōn) I allow, let.
    Se ita dicere non abstinuit.
    He allowed himself to speak so/thus.


   Conjugation of abstineō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abstineō abstinēs abstinet abstinēmus abstinētis abstinent
imperfect abstinēbam abstinēbās abstinēbat abstinēbāmus abstinēbātis abstinēbant
future abstinēbō abstinēbis abstinēbit abstinēbimus abstinēbitis abstinēbunt
perfect abstinuī abstinuistī abstinuit abstinuimus abstinuistis abstinuērunt, abstinuēre
pluperfect abstinueram abstinuerās abstinuerat abstinuerāmus abstinuerātis abstinuerant
future perfect abstinuerō abstinueris abstinuerit abstinuerimus abstinueritis abstinuerint
passive present abstineor abstinēris, abstinēre abstinētur abstinēmur abstinēminī abstinentur
imperfect abstinēbar abstinēbāris, abstinēbāre abstinēbātur abstinēbāmur abstinēbāminī abstinēbantur
future abstinēbor abstinēberis, abstinēbere abstinēbitur abstinēbimur abstinēbiminī abstinēbuntur
perfect abstentus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect abstentus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect abstentus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abstineam abstineās abstineat abstineāmus abstineātis abstineant
imperfect abstinērem abstinērēs abstinēret abstinērēmus abstinērētis abstinērent
perfect abstinuerim abstinuerīs abstinuerit abstinuerīmus abstinuerītis abstinuerint
pluperfect abstinuissem abstinuissēs abstinuisset abstinuissēmus abstinuissētis abstinuissent
passive present abstinear abstineāris, abstineāre abstineātur abstineāmur abstineāminī abstineantur
imperfect abstinērer abstinērēris, abstinērēre abstinērētur abstinērēmur abstinērēminī abstinērentur
perfect abstentus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect abstentus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present abstinē abstinēte
future abstinētō abstinētō abstinētōte abstinentō
passive present abstinēre abstinēminī
future abstinētor abstinētor abstinentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives abstinēre abstinuisse abstentūrum esse abstinērī abstentum esse abstentum īrī
participles abstinēns abstentūrus abstentus abstinendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
abstinendī abstinendō abstinendum abstinendō abstentum abstentū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit



  • abstineo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • abstineo in Charlton T. Lewis, An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1891
  • abstineo in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden, Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co., 1894
    • to refrain from doing a wrong, an injustice: iniuria abstinere (Off. 3. 17. 72)
    • to never appear in public: publico carere, se abstinere
    • to abstain from all nourishment: cibo se abstinere
  • abstineo in Ramminger, Johann, Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016, retrieved 16 July 2016