adjunct

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Latin adiunctus, perfect passive participle of adiungō (join to), from ad + iungō (join). Doublet of adjoint.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈæd͡ʒ.ʌŋkt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ædʒʌŋkt
  • Hyphenation: ad‧junct

NounEdit

adjunct (plural adjuncts)

  1. An appendage; something attached to something else in a subordinate capacity.
  2. A person associated with another, usually in a subordinate position; a colleague.
    • 1641, Henry Wotton, A Parallel between Robert late Earl of Essex and George late Duke of Buckingham
      Lord Cottington (as an adjunct of singular experience and trust)
  3. (brewing) An unmalted grain or grain product that supplements the main mash ingredient.
  4. (dated, metaphysics) A quality or property of the body or mind, whether natural or acquired, such as colour in the body or judgement in the mind.
  5. (music) A key or scale closely related to another as principal; a relative or attendant key.
  6. (grammar) A dispensable phrase in a clause or sentence that amplifies its meaning, such as "for a while" in "I typed for a while".
  7. (syntax, X-bar theory) A constituent which is both the daughter and the sister of an X-bar.
    • 1988, Andrew Radford, Transformational grammar: a first course, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, page 177:
      We can see from (34) that Determiners are sisters of N-bar and daughters of N-double-bar; Adjuncts are both sisters and daughters of N-bar; and Complements are sisters of N and daughters of N-bar. This means that Adjuncts resemble Complements in that both are daughters of N-bar; but they differ from Complements in that Adjuncts are sisters of N-bar, whereas Complements are sisters of N. Likewise, it means that Adjuncts resemble Determiners in that both are sisters of N-bar, but they differ from Determiners in that Adjuncts are daughters of N-bar, whereas Determiners are daughters of N-double-bar.
  8. (rhetoric) Symploce.
  9. (category theory) One of a pair of morphisms which relate to each other through a pair of adjoint functors.
  10. (linguistics) An optional or structurally dispensable, part of a sentence, clause, or phrase that, if removed or discarded, will not structurally affect the remainder of the sentence.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

adjunct (comparative more adjunct, superlative most adjunct)

  1. Connected in a subordinate function.
  2. Added to a faculty or staff in a secondary position.

TranslationsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch adjoinct, from Latin adiunctus.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɑˈdjʏŋkt/, /ɑtˈjʏŋkt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ad‧junct
  • Rhymes: -ʏŋkt

NounEdit

adjunct m (plural adjuncten)

  1. An adjunct, a subordinate person, esp. an attendant of a government official.

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Indonesian: ajun

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Adjunkt or Latin adjunctus.

AdjectiveEdit

adjunct m or n (feminine singular adjunctă, masculine plural adjuncți, feminine and neuter plural adjuncte)

  1. deputy

DeclensionEdit