From Latin adiunctus, perfect passive participle of adiungō (“join to”), from ad + iungō (“join”). Doublet of adjoint.
adjunct (plural adjuncts)
- An appendage; something attached to something else in a subordinate capacity.
- Synonyms: addition, supplement; see also Thesaurus:adjunct
- c. 1587–1588, [Christopher Marlowe], Tamburlaine the Great. […] The First Part […], 2nd edition, part 1, London: […] [R. Robinson for] Richard Iones, […], published 1592, →OCLC; reprinted as Tamburlaine the Great (A Scolar Press Facsimile), Menston, Yorkshire; London: Scolar Press, 1973, →ISBN, Act I, scene ii:
- Lie here ye weedes that I diſdaine to weare,
This compleat armor, and this curtle-axe
Are adiuncts more beſeeming Tamburlaine.
- c. 1595–1596 (date written), William Shakespeare, “Loues Labour’s Lost”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act IV, scene iii], page 135:
- Learning is but an adiunct to our ſelfe,
And where we are, our Learning likewiſe is.
- A person associated with another, usually in a subordinate position; a colleague.
- Synonyms: see Thesaurus:associate, Thesaurus:attendant
- 1641, Henry Wotton, A Parallel between Robert late Earl of Essex and George late Duke of Buckingham:
- Lord Cottington (as an adjunct of singular experience and trust)
- (brewing) An unmalted grain or grain product that supplements the main mash ingredient.
- (dated, metaphysics) A quality or property of the body or mind, whether natural or acquired, such as colour in the body or judgement in the mind.
- (music) A key or scale closely related to another as principal; a relative or attendant key.
- (grammar) A dispensable phrase in a clause or sentence that modifies its meaning.
- noun adjunct
- Coordinate terms: attribute, predicate
- (syntax, X-bar theory) A constituent which is both the daughter and the sister of an X-bar.
- 1988, Andrew Radford, Transformational grammar: a first course, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, page 177:
- We can see from (34) that Determiners are sisters of N-bar and daughters of N-double-bar; Adjuncts are both sisters and daughters of N-bar; and Complements are sisters of N and daughters of N-bar. This means that Adjuncts resemble Complements in that both are daughters of N-bar; but they differ from Complements in that Adjuncts are sisters of N-bar, whereas Complements are sisters of N. Likewise, it means that Adjuncts resemble Determiners in that both are sisters of N-bar, but they differ from Determiners in that Adjuncts are daughters of N-bar, whereas Determiners are daughters of N-double-bar.
- (rhetoric) Symploce.
- (category theory) One of a pair of morphisms which relate to each other through a pair of adjoint functors.
grammar: dispensable phrase
adjunct (comparative more adjunct, superlative most adjunct)
- Connected in a subordinate function.
- c. 1596 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Life and Death of King Iohn”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act III, scene iii], page 11:
- Though that my death were adiunct to my Act,
By heauen I would doe it.
- Added to a faculty or staff in a secondary position.
Connected in a subordinate function
From Middle Dutch adjoinct, from Latin adiunctus.
adjunct m (plural adjuncten)
- An adjunct, a subordinate person, esp. an attendant of a government official.
- → Indonesian: ajun
From German Adjunkt or Latin adjunctus.
adjunct m or n (feminine singular adjunctă, masculine plural adjuncți, feminine and neuter plural adjuncte)
Declension of adjunct