Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *jungō, from Proto-Indo-European *yunégti ~ *yungénti, from the root *yewg-.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

iungō (present infinitive iungere, perfect active iūnxī, supine iūnctum); third conjugation

  1. to join, unite
    Synonyms: colligo, cōnserō, cōgō, stīpō, glomerō, compellō, consocio, iniungō, coniungo, contraho, congerō, concilio
    Antonyms: solvō, absolvō, persolvō, distrahō, dissolvō, rumpō, sēparō
  2. (grammar, passive voice, with dative) to take, govern (a case)
    • 4th century CE, Donatus, Ars Minor :
      In et sub quandō accūsātīvō cāsuī iunguntur? Quandō vel nōs vel quōslibet in locum īre, īsse, itūrōs esse significāmus.
      In and sub, when do they take the accusative case? When we mean to say that we or others have gone, go or will go into a place.

Conjugation edit

   Conjugation of iungō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present iungō iungis iungit iungimus iungitis iungunt
imperfect iungēbam iungēbās iungēbat iungēbāmus iungēbātis iungēbant
future iungam iungēs iunget iungēmus iungētis iungent
perfect iūnxī iūnxistī iūnxit iūnximus iūnxistis iūnxērunt,
pluperfect iūnxeram iūnxerās iūnxerat iūnxerāmus iūnxerātis iūnxerant
future perfect iūnxerō iūnxeris iūnxerit iūnxerimus iūnxeritis iūnxerint
passive present iungor iungeris,
iungitur iungimur iungiminī iunguntur
imperfect iungēbar iungēbāris,
iungēbātur iungēbāmur iungēbāminī iungēbantur
future iungar iungēris,
iungētur iungēmur iungēminī iungentur
perfect iūnctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect iūnctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect iūnctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present iungam iungās iungat iungāmus iungātis iungant
imperfect iungerem iungerēs iungeret iungerēmus iungerētis iungerent
perfect iūnxerim iūnxerīs iūnxerit iūnxerīmus iūnxerītis iūnxerint
pluperfect iūnxissem iūnxissēs iūnxisset iūnxissēmus iūnxissētis iūnxissent
passive present iungar iungāris,
iungātur iungāmur iungāminī iungantur
imperfect iungerer iungerēris,
iungerētur iungerēmur iungerēminī iungerentur
perfect iūnctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect iūnctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present iunge iungite
future iungitō iungitō iungitōte iunguntō
passive present iungere iungiminī
future iungitor iungitor iunguntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives iungere iūnxisse iūnctūrum esse iungī iūnctum esse iūnctum īrī
participles iungēns iūnctūrus iūnctus iungendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
iungendī iungendō iungendum iungendō iūnctum iūnctū

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • jungo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • iungo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • iungo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to form a friendship with any one: amicitiam cum aliquo jungere, facere, inire, contrahere
    • to become a friend and guest of a person: hospitium cum aliquo facere, (con-)iungere
    • to shake hands with a person: dextram iungere cum aliquo, dextras inter se iungere
    • to build a bridge over a river: flumen ponte iungere
    • to join forces with some one: copias (arma) cum aliquo iungere or se cum aliquo iungere
    • to make a camp in common: castra coniungere, iungere (B. C. 1. 63)