See also: Aloe, àloe, áloe, aloé, aloè, aloë, and Aloë

EnglishEdit

 
Aloe striatula, an aloe (2)

EtymologyEdit

From Old English alwe (fragrant resin of an East Indian tree), from Latin aloē, from Ancient Greek ἀλόη (alóē), from Hebrew אֲהָלִים(ʾăhālîm), ultimately from Tamil அகில் (akil);[1] reinforced in Middle English by Old French aloes.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

aloe (plural aloes)

  1. (in the plural) The resins of the tree Aquilaria malaccensis (syn. Aquilaria agallocha), known for their fragrant aroma, produced after infection by the fungus Phialophora parasitica.
  2. A plant of the genus Aloe.
    • 1912, Arthur Conan Doyle, The Lost World[1]:
      In mercy I put a bullet through his skull, and he fell sprawling among the aloes.
  3. A strong, bitter drink made from the juice of such plants, used as a purgative.

Usage notesEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Irish: aló
  • Samoan: aloe

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Shulman, David (2016) Tamil: A biography, Harvard University Press, pages 19-20:
    We have ahalim [in Hebrew], probably derived directly from Tamil akil rather than from Sanskrit aguru, itself a loan from the Tamil (Numbers 24.8; Proverbs 7.17; Song of Songs 4.14; Psalms 45.9--the latter two instances with the feminine plural form ahalot. Akil is, we think, native to South India, and it is thus not surprising that the word was borrowed by cultures that imported this plant.

ItalianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin aloē.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈa.lo.e/
  • Rhymes: -aloe
  • Hyphenation: à‧lo‧e

NounEdit

aloe m or f (invariable)

  1. aloe (plant)

ReferencesEdit

  • aloe in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Etymology 2Edit

From Ancient Greek (τὰ) Ἁλῶα ((tà) Halôa), derived from ἅλως (hálōs, threshing floor).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /aˈlɔ.e/
  • Rhymes: -ɔe
  • Hyphenation: a‧lò‧e

NounEdit

aloe f pl (plural only)

  1. (historical, Ancient Greece) A festival dedicated to Demeter, celebrated in the time of the harvesting of grapes.

ReferencesEdit

  • alòe in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek ἀλόη (alóē, aloes). Ultimately from Tamil அகில் (akil);[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

aloē f (genitive aloēs); first declension

  1. The aloe.
  2. The bitter juice produced by the aloe used as a perfume, in medicine and in embalming.
  3. (figuratively) Bitterness (in general).

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun (Greek-type).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative aloē aloae
Genitive aloēs aloārum
Dative aloae aloīs
Accusative aloēn aloās
Ablative aloē aloīs
Vocative aloē aloae

DescendantsEdit

All are borrowed.

ReferencesEdit

  • aloe”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aloe”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aloe in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  1. ^ Shulman, David (2016) Tamil: A biography, Harvard University Press, pages 19-20:
    We have ahalim [in Hebrew], probably derived directly from Tamil akil rather than from Sanskrit aguru, itself a loan from the Tamil (Numbers 24.8; Proverbs 7.17; Song of Songs 4.14; Psalms 45.9--the latter two instances with the feminine plural form ahalot. Akil is, we think, native to South India, and it is thus not surprising that the word was borrowed by cultures that imported this plant.

Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French aloe.

NounEdit

aloe f (plural aloes)

  1. lark (bird)

ReferencesEdit

  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (aloe)

Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin alauda (lark).

NounEdit

aloe f (oblique plural aloes, nominative singular aloe, nominative plural aloes)

  1. lark (bird)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Godefroy, Frédéric, Dictionnaire de l'ancienne langue française et de tous ses dialectes du IXe au XVe siècle (1881) (aloe)

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin aloe.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

aloe f (plural aloes)

  1. aloe (plant of the genus Aloe)

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French aloès and Latin aloē, from Ancient Greek ἀλόη (alóē).

NounEdit

aloe f (plural aloe)

  1. aloe
  2. a substance extracted from the aloe plant

DeclensionEdit


SamoanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English aloe.

NounEdit

aloe

  1. aloe

SpanishEdit

NounEdit

aloe m (plural aloes)

  1. Alternative form of áloe

Further readingEdit


YorubaEdit

 
álóè

EtymologyEdit

English aloe

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

álóè

  1. aloe
    Synonym: ewé etí erin