From Middle English arrayen, from Anglo-Norman arraier (compare Old French arraier, areer (“to put in order”)), from Medieval Latin arrēdō (“to put in order, arrange, array”), from Medieval Latin *rēdum (“preparation, order”), from Frankish *reida (“preparation, order”) or Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐍂𐌰𐌹𐌳𐍃 (garaids, “ready, prepared”), from Proto-Germanic *raidaz, *raidiz (“ready”), from Proto-Indo-European *reydʰ- (“to put in order, ease, make comfortable”). Cognate with Old High German gireiti (“preparation”), Old Frisian rēde (“ready”), Old English ġerǣde (“preparation, equipment”). More at ready.
array (plural arrays)
- Clothing and ornamentation.
2002, David L. Thompson, “River of Memories -An Appalachian Boyhood-”, page 69:
- Upon leaving the center, I photographed the colorful array of petunias decorating the square in purple, pink, yellow, white, and magenta.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Dryden to this entry?)
- A collection laid out to be viewed in full.
- An orderly series, arrangement or sequence.
- a gallant array of nobles and cavaliers
- Order; a regular and imposing arrangement; disposition in regular lines; hence, order of battle.
- drawn up in battle array
- wedged together in the closest array
- A large collection.
- their long array of sapphire and of gold
- We offer a dazzling array of choices.
2011 October 23, Phil McNulty, “Man Utd 1 - 6 Man City”, BBC Sport:
- Mario Balotelli, in the headlines for accidentally setting his house ablaze with fireworks, put City on their way with goals either side of the interval as United struggled to contain the array of attacking talent in front of them.
- (mathematics) Common name for matrix.
- (programming) Any of various data structures designed to hold multiple elements of the same type; especially, a data structure that holds these elements in adjacent memory locations so that they may be retrieved using numeric indices.
- (law) A ranking or setting forth in order, by the proper officer, of a jury as impanelled in a cause; the panel itself; or the whole body of jurors summoned to attend the court.
- (military) A militia.
- The same as a microarray.
- (any of various data structures): The exact usage of the term array, and of related terms, generally depends on the programming language. For example, many languages distinguish a fairly low-level "array" construct from a higher-level "list" or "vector" construct. Some languages distinguish between an "array" and a variety of "associative array"; others have only the latter concept, calling it an "array".
- (orderly series): disarray
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
- To clothe and ornament; to adorn or attire
- He was arrayed in his finest robes and jewels.
- To lay out in an orderly arrangement; to deploy or marshal
- (law) To set in order, as a jury, for the trial of a cause; that is, to call them one at a time.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Blackstone to this entry?)