don

See also: Don, DON, doň, đơn, don', and don-

Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin dominus ‎(lord, head of household), akin to Spanish don and Italian don; from domus ‎(house). Compare dominie.

NounEdit

don ‎(plural dons)

  1. A university professor, particularly one at Oxford or Cambridge.
  2. A mafia boss.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

A contraction of Middle English do on. Compare also doff.

VerbEdit

don ‎(third-person singular simple present dons, present participle donning, simple past and past participle donned)

  1. (clothing) to put on, to dress in
    To don one's clothes.
AntonymsEdit
  • (put on clothes): doff
TranslationsEdit
See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


BretonEdit

AdjectiveEdit

don

  1. deep

CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Spanish don, from Latin dominus ‎(lord).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

don m anim

  1. (in Italian environment) Originally a title of honour of the Pope, later used for all priests and later for aristocrats.
    don Giovanni
  2. Spanish noble title. [19th c.]
  3. title of respect in front of Spanish given names
    don José
  4. don (maffia boss)
    • 2003, Miroslav Nožina, Mezinárodní organizovaný zločin v České republice, Themis, ISBN 8073120186, page 156:
      Roku 1876 mafiánský don Raffaele Palizollo reformoval dosavadní strategii nevměšování se mafie do veřejného života.
      In 1876 mafia don Raffaele Palizollo reformed the previous strategy of mafia not interfering into public affairs.
    • 2012, Hana Pernicová (translator), Kolumbova záhada[1], Ostrava: Domino, translation of original by Steve Berry, ISBN 978-80-7303-743-7, page 412:
      Simon se zatvářil stejně jako drogový don před čtyřmi dny.
      Simon had the same expression as the drug mafia don four days ago.

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit

External linksEdit

  • "don" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, Leda, 2015, ISBN 978-80-7335-393-3, page 153.
  • "don" in Věra Petráčková, Jiří Kraus et al. Akademický slovník cizích slov. Academia, 1995, ISBN 80-200-0497-1, page 175.

External linksEdit

  • don in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • don in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin donum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

don m ‎(plural dons)

  1. gift, talent
  2. gift (present)
  3. donation

External linksEdit


IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /d̪ˠənˠ/
  • (Connemara, Aran Islnds) IPA(key): /ɡənˠ/

ContractionEdit

don

  1. Contraction of do an.
    Thug mé don bhuachaill é.‎ ― I gave it to the boy.
    Tá mé ag dul don Spáinn.‎ ― I'm going to Spain.
Usage notesEdit

This contraction is obligatory, i.e. *do an never appears uncontracted. It triggers lenition of a following consonant other than d, s, or t.

Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish don ‎(misfortune, evil).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

don

  1. misfortune
Usage notesEdit

Used only in a few stock maledictions such as Do dhon is do dhuais ort!, Don is duais ort!, Mo dhon is mo dhograinn ort! (all basically "bad luck to you!") and Don d'fhiafraí ort! "Don't be so inquisitive!".

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
don dhon ndon
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a shortening of an earlier donno, from dom'no (used by Dante), from Latin domnus < dominus.

NounEdit

don m ‎(inv)

  1. Father (a title given to priests)
  2. A title of respect to a man.

LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

don

  1. rafsi of do.

Nigerian PidginEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English done.

VerbEdit

don

  1. have (perfect aspect auxiliary)
    Wi don chop = "We have eaten"

Northern SamiEdit

PronounEdit

don

  1. you (thou)

InflectionEdit

Inflection of don (irregular)
Nominative don
Genitive du
Nominative don
Genitive du
Accusative du
Illative dutnje
Locative dus
Comitative duinna
Essive dunin

See alsoEdit

Personal pronouns
singular dual plural
1st person mun moai mii
2nd person don doai dii
3rd person son soai sii

Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

PIE root
*dʰeh₁-

From Proto-Germanic *dōną ‎(to do), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- ‎(to make, do, place). Cognate with Old Frisian dūa, duā, dwā (West Frisian dwaan), Old Saxon dōn, doan, duan, duon, Old Dutch duon (Dutch doen), Old High German tuon (German tun); and, outside the Germanic languages, with Ancient Greek τίθημι ‎(títhēmi), Latin faciō, Old Irish dorat (Irish déan), Old Church Slavonic дѣти ‎(děti).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

dōn

  1. to do

ConjugationEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle English: don
    • English: to do
    • Scots: dae

Old IrishEdit

NounEdit

don ?

  1. misfortune, evil

DescendantsEdit


Old SaxonEdit

Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

do + an

Alternative formsEdit

PrepositionEdit

don

  1. to the (singular)
    Chaidh i don bhùth. - She went to the shop.
  2. for the (singular)

Usage notesEdit

  • Without the definite article and in the plural the form do is used.
  • Lenites words beginning with b, c, f, g, m and p.

SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Late Latin dom ‎(a courtesy title for monks and abbots), from domnus ‎(master, sir), from Classical Latin dominus, from domus ‎(a house), from Proto-Indo-European *dṓm ‎(a house), from root Proto-Indo-European *dem- ‎(to build)

NounEdit

don m ‎(plural dones, feminine doña)

  1. (obsolete) sir, master, lord
  2. A title of respect to a man, prefixed to Christian names
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin donum ‎(a gift), from do ‎(to give), from Proto-Indo-European *deh₃- ‎(to give)

NounEdit

don m ‎(plural dones)

  1. gift, present
  2. gift, talent, knack
See alsoEdit

SwedishEdit

NounEdit

don n

  1. a tool, a means

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of don 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative don donet don donen
Genitive dons donets dons donens

Related termsEdit


TurkishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Turkic ton, from Proto-Turkic *tōn.

NounEdit

don

  1. underpants

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Turkic toŋ, from Proto-Turkic *tong, *doŋ.

NounEdit

don

  1. frost

VerbEdit

don

  1. singular imperative of donmak
  2. singular negative imperative of donmamak

AntonymsEdit


ZazakiEdit

NounEdit

don

  1. kind of bread
Read in another language