EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin dominus (lord, head of household), akin to Spanish don and Italian don; from domus (house). Doublet of dom, domine, dominie, and dominus.

NounEdit

don (plural dons)

  1. A university professor, particularly one at Oxford or Cambridge.
  2. An employee of a university residence who lives among the student residents.
  3. A mafia boss.
  4. (MLE) Any man, bloke, dude.
    • 2017 October 31, Loski (lyrics and music), “Olympic Chinging”‎[2], from 1:55:
      I’m confused like who’s this don
      .22 bells and that who’s on
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English don (to put on), from Old English dōn on. Compare also doff, dup, dout.

VerbEdit

don (third-person singular simple present dons, present participle donning, simple past and past participle donned)

  1. (transitive) To put on clothing; to dress (oneself) in an article of personal attire.
    To don one's clothes.
    • 1886-88, Burton, Richard Francis, The Supplemental Nights to the Thousand Nights and a Night:
      Now when he had reached the King's capital wherein was Alaeddin, he alighted at one of the Kháns; and, when he had rested from the weariness of wayfare, he donned his dress and went down to wander about the streets, where he never passed a group without hearing them prate about the pavilion and its grandeur and vaunt the beauty of Alaeddin and his lovesomeness, his liberality and generosity, his fine manners and his good morals.
    Synonyms: clothe, dight, enrobe; see also Thesaurus:clothe
    Antonym: doff
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


AlbanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • do (Standard Albanian)

EtymologyEdit

Gheg variant of Standard Albanian do ((it) wants, needs, loves, likes) and do (you want, need, love, like).

VerbEdit

don (first-person singular past tense dashta, participle dashtë) (Gheg forms)

  1. you want, need
    A don më shkue? (Gheg)Do you want to go?
  2. you like
    Rita e don Gjergjin. (Gheg)Rita likes/wants George.
  3. you love
  4. it wants, needs
  5. it likes
  6. it loves

ConjugationEdit

  • Standard Albanian conjugation:

Related termsEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Turkic *tōn. Cognate with Chuvash тум (tum).

NounEdit

don (definite accusative donu, plural donlar)

  1. dress (worn by women)
    Synonym: paltar
  2. gown (loose, flowing upper garment)
  3. (figuratively) raiment, attire, garb, habiliments
  4. appearance, look (of a person)
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Turkic *doŋ (frozen; frost). See Bashkir туң (tuñ) for more cognates.

AdjectiveEdit

don (comparative daha don, superlative ən don)

  1. frozen, congealed

NounEdit

don (definite accusative donu, plural donlar)

  1. frost
  2. ice-covered ground, black ice
Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • don” in Obastan.com.

BambaraEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

don

  1. day

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

don (tone dòn)

  1. (intransitive) to enter
  2. (transitive) to put (something into something)
  3. to put on, wear (of clothing)

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

PredicativeEdit

don (tone dòn)

  1. marks the predicate

ReferencesEdit


BretonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Brythonic *duβn, from Proto-Celtic *dubnos, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰubʰnós.

AdjectiveEdit

don

  1. deep

Casiguran Dumagat AgtaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Philippine *dahun, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *dahun.

NounEdit

dön

  1. leaf (of a plant)

CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Spanish don, which is from Latin dominus (lord).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

don m anim

  1. (in Italian environment) (Originally a title of honour of the Pope, later used for all priests and later for aristocrats)
    don Giovanni(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  2. (Spanish noble title) [19th c.]
  3. (title of respect in front of Spanish given names)
    don José(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  4. don (maffia boss)
    • 2003, Miroslav Nožina, Mezinárodní organizovaný zločin v České republice, Themis, →ISBN, page 156:
      Roku 1876 mafiánský don Raffaele Palizollo reformoval dosavadní strategii nevměšování se mafie do veřejného života.
      In 1876 mafia don Raffaele Palizollo reformed the previous strategy of mafia not interfering into public affairs.
    • 2012, Hana Pernicová (translator), Kolumbova záhada[3], Ostrava: Domino, translation of original by Steve Berry, →ISBN, page 412:
      Simon se zatvářil stejně jako drogový don před čtyřmi dny.
      Simon had the same expression as the drug mafia don four days ago.

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • "don" in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, Leda, 2015, →ISBN, page 153.
  • "don" in Věra Petráčková, Jiří Kraus et al. Akademický slovník cizích slov. Academia, 1995, ISBN 80-200-0497-1, page 175.
  • don in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • don in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

AnagramsEdit


Dupaningan AgtaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Philippine *dahun, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *dahun.

NounEdit

don

  1. leaf (of a plant)

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French don, from Latin dōnum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

don m (plural dons)

  1. gift, talent, knack
  2. gift (present)
  3. donation

Derived termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Late Latin domnus, from Latin dominus (lord). Cognates include Spanish don.

NounEdit

don m (plural dons, feminine dona, feminine plural donas)

  1. sir, mister

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


IrishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

ContractionEdit

don

  1. Contraction of do an.
    Thug mé don bhuachaill é.I gave it to the boy.
    Tá mé ag dul don Spáinn.I'm going to Spain.
Usage notesEdit

This contraction is obligatory, i.e. *do an never appears uncontracted. It triggers lenition of a following consonant other than d, s, or t.

Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish don (misfortune, evil).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

don

  1. misfortune
Usage notesEdit

Used only in a few stock maledictions such as Do dhon is do dhuais ort!, Don is duais ort!, Mo dhon is mo dhograinn ort! (all basically "bad luck to you!") and Don d’fhiafraí ort! (Don’t be so inquisitive!).

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
don dhon ndon
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • "don" in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “don” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “don” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From a shortening of an earlier donno, from dom'no (used by Dante), from Latin domnus < dominus.

NounEdit

don m (inv)

  1. Father (a title given to priests)
  2. a title of respect to a man

Jamaican CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English don, particularly in the sense of a crime boss.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈdan/
  • Hyphenation: don

NounEdit

don (plural: don dem, quantified: don)

  1. don, leader, community leader, crime boss, head of a garrison (leader)
    Dem figet seh mi a di one don?
    Have they forgotten that I'm the one true leader?
    From di word start go roun' seh him want turn di don, a whole heap a man start pree him and warn him fi be careful.
    As soon as word got around that he wanted to become the community leader, a lot of people took notice of him and warned him to be careful.

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

don

  1. Rōmaji transcription of どん
  2. Rōmaji transcription of ドン

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English dōn, from Proto-West Germanic *dōn, from Proto-Germanic *dōną.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

don

  1. To do, perform (an activity)
  2. To complete, finish
  3. To make, create
  4. To put, place, position, raise
  5. To remove, take away
  6. To go or move (in a specified direction)
  7. To behave (in a specified manner
  8. (auxiliary) To cause (an action or state)
  9. (auxiliary) Emphasises the verb that follows it
  10. (auxiliary) Stands in for a verb in a dependent clause
Usage notesEdit

As in modern English, several uses of this verb are highly idiomatic.

ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • English: do
    • Northumbrian: dee
  • Scots: dae
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old English dōn on.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

don

  1. (Late Middle English) to put on
ConjugationEdit
DescendantsEdit
ReferencesEdit

Middle Low GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Saxon dōn

VerbEdit

dôn

  1. to do

ConjugationEdit

Irregular: present 1sg , 2sg deist (dôst, dṏst), 3sg deit (dôt, dṏt), pl. dôn, dôt, dṏt, preterit 1sg dede, 2sg dêdest, 3sg dede, pl. dêden, past participle gedân, dân


Nigerian PidginEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English done.

VerbEdit

don

  1. have (perfect aspect auxiliary)
    Wi don chop.We have eaten.

Northern SamiEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Samic *tonë.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈton/

PronounEdit

don

  1. you (singular)
InflectionEdit
Inflection of don (irregular)
Nominative don
Genitive
Nominative don
Genitive
Accusative
Illative dutnje
Locative dūs
Comitative duinna
Essive dūnin
See alsoEdit
Personal pronouns
singular dual plural
1st person mun moai mii
2nd person don doai dii
3rd person son soai sii
Further readingEdit
  • Koponen, Eino; Ruppel, Klaas; Aapala, Kirsti, editors (2002-2008) Álgu database: Etymological database of the Saami languages[4], Helsinki: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Kautokeino) IPA(key): /ˈtoːn/

DeterminerEdit

dōn

  1. accusative/genitive singular of dōt

OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin dōnum.

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

NounEdit

don m (plural dons)

  1. gift (something given to another voluntarily)
  2. gift (a talent or natural ability)
  3. donation (a voluntary gift or contribution for a specific cause)

Related termsEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *dōn (to do).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

dōn

  1. to do
    Hwæt dēst þū?
    What are you doing?
  2. to make, cause
  3. to put
    • c. 990, Wessex Gospels, Matthew 26:52
      Þā cwæþ sē Hǣlend tō him, " þīn sweord eft on his sċēaðe."
      Then Jesus said to him, "Put your sword back in its sheath."
    • c. 990, Wessex Gospels, Mark 7:33
      dyde his fingras on his ēaran.
      He put his fingers in his ears.
  4. to treat someone (+ dative) a certain way
    • late 9th century, King Alfred's translation of Boethius' The Consolation of Philosophy
      Ēalā hū yfele mē dōþ maniġe weoroldmenn mid þām þæt iċ ne mōt wealdan mīnra āgenra þēawa.
      Many worldly people treat me so badly, I'm not allowed to practice my own virtues.
    • c. 990, Wessex Gospels, Luke 16:19
      Nū iċ neom wierðe þæt iċ bēo þīn sunu nemned. mē swā ānne of þīnum ierðlingum.
      I don't deserve to be called your son anymore. Treat me as one of your fieldworkers.

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin donum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

don m (oblique plural dons, nominative singular dons, nominative plural don)

  1. gift

DescendantsEdit

  • French: don
  • Middle English: done

Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Univerbation of di (of/from) +‎ in (the sg)

ArticleEdit

don

  1. of/from the sg

Etymology 2Edit

Univerbation of do (to/for) +‎ in (the sg)

ArticleEdit

don

  1. to/for the sg

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

don (gender unknown)

  1. misfortune, evil
DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
don don
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndon
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old SaxonEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *dōn.

VerbEdit

dōn

  1. to do

ConjugationEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle Low German: dôn
    • Low German: deoen (Paderbornisch), dohn (Münsterländisch); doon

Old SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Late Latin dom, from domnus (master, sir), from Latin dominus, from domus (a house).

NounEdit

don m (plural dones)

  1. (honorific) sir, master; a title prefixed to male given names
    • c. 1200, Almerich, Fazienda de Ultramar, f. 1r.
      [R]emont por la gracia de dios. arçobispo de Toledo. a don almeric. arçidiano de antiochia con grant amor ſalut ¬ amidtad.
      Remont, by the Grace of God archbishop of Toledo, to master Almerich, archdeacon of Antioch, with great love, haleness and goodwill.

DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin dōnum (a gift), from (I give).

NounEdit

don m (plural dones)

  1. gift, talent
    • c. 1200, Almerich, Fazienda de Ultramar, f. 65r.
      eſtonces el rey dio grandes dones adaniel e diol ſennoria ſobre ſos ſabios e la cibdat de babilonia []
      Then the king gave Daniel great gifts and gave him rulership over his wise men and the city of Babylon []

DescendantsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Shortening of dont.

AdverbEdit

don

  1. Apocopic form of dont; where
    • c. 1200, Almerich, Fazienda de Ultramar, f. 56r.
      Euino el pph́a iſaẏas e dixo al reẏ ezechias uinieron eſtos barones. ¬ q́ te dixieron dixo el de tierra de luen uinieron de babilonia.
      And the prophet Isaiah came and said to king Hezekiah, “Where did these men come from, and what did they say to you?” He said, “From a distant land. They came from Babylon”.

DescendantsEdit

  • Spanish: do

Scottish GaelicEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

do + an

PrepositionEdit

don

  1. to the (singular)
    Chaidh i don bhùth. - She went to the shop.
  2. for the (singular)

Usage notesEdit

  • Without the definite article and in the plural the form do is used.
  • Lenites words beginning with b, c, f, g, m and p.

SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Late Latin dom (a courtesy title for monks and abbots), from domnus (master, sir), from Classical Latin dominus, from domus (a house), from Proto-Indo-European *dṓm (a house), from root Proto-Indo-European *dem- (to build).

NounEdit

don m (plural dones, feminine doña, feminine plural doñas)

  1. (obsolete) sir, master, lord
  2. a title of respect to a man, prefixed to first names
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Catalan: don
  • Czech: don

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin dōnum (a gift) (whence English donation), from (to give), from Proto-Indo-European *deh₃- (to give).

NounEdit

don m (plural dones)

  1. gift, present
  2. gift, talent, knack
    Cielos, tu tío realmente tiene un don para gastar todo su dinero en el casino, ¿no?
    Yikes, your uncle really has a knack for blowing all his money in the casino, doesn't he?
Usage notesEdit

Like with the English word "knack", don can be used to describe a positive gift or talent, or a negative one like a bad habit or a neutral tendency to do something.

Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


Sranan TongoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch dom.

AdjectiveEdit

don

  1. stupid

NounEdit

don

  1. stupidity
    Sranan odo: don no abi dresi.
    Surinamese proverb: there is no medicine for stupidity.

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Originally "work done, something accomplished," from the root of dåd (deed, feat).[1]

NounEdit

don n

  1. a tool, a means

DeclensionEdit

Declension of don 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative don donet don donen
Genitive dons donets dons donens

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ don”, in Svenska Akademiens ordbok [Swedish Academy Dictionary][1] (in Swedish), 1937

AnagramsEdit


TurkishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Ottoman Turkish طون(don), from Proto-Turkic *tōn.

NounEdit

don

  1. underpants
  2. jogging pants
  3. pants
  4. shorts

Etymology 2Edit

From Ottoman Turkish طوڭ(doñ), from Proto-Turkic *doŋ.

NounEdit

don

  1. frost

VerbEdit

don

  1. second-person singular imperative of donmak

Related termsEdit


VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(classifier con) don

  1. Atherurus macrourus, Asiatic brush-tailed porcupine
    Synonym: đon

YogadEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Philippine *dahun, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *dahun.

NounEdit

don

  1. leaf (of a plant)

YolaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English don, from Old English dōn on.

VerbEdit

don

  1. To put on, as clothes, dress.

ReferencesEdit

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith

ZazakiEdit

NounEdit

don ?

  1. kind of bread

ZouEdit

VerbEdit

don

  1. drink

ReferencesEdit