Contents

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂erk-. Cognates include Latin arca(chest, box), arceō(I defend), arcānus(hidden, secret), arcera(kind of wagon), Old Armenian արգել(argel, obstacle) and Ancient Greek ἀρκέω(arkéō).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

arx f ‎(genitive arcis); third declension

  1. citadel, stronghold, fortress
    • Vergil, Aeneid, 2.56:
      ... Troiaque, nunc stares, Priamique arx alta, maneres.
      ... and Troy, you would now be standing, and Priam's mighty citadel still endure.
  2. height, summit, hilltop; the Capitoline hill
  3. defense, refuge
  4. (figuratively) bulwark

InflectionEdit

Third declension i-stem.

Case Singular Plural
nominative arx arcēs
genitive arcis arcium
dative arcī arcibus
accusative arcem arcēs
ablative arce arcibus
vocative arx arcēs

ReferencesEdit