See also: Arceo

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *arkeō, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erk-. Cognates include Old Armenian արգել (argel, obstacle) and Ancient Greek ἀρκέω (arkéō).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

arceō (present infinitive arcēre, perfect active arcuī, supine arcitum); second conjugation

  1. (transitive) I keep off, keep away, ward off, reject, repel
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 6.481-482:
      Quae dea sit? Quārē famulās ā līmine templī
      arceat (arcet enim) lībaque tosta petat?
      Which goddess is she? Why does she keep away handmaids from the threshold of her temple (indeed she keeps [them] away), and asks for toasted cakes?
      (See: Mater Matuta.)
    • early 16th century, Juan Luis Vives, De Disciplinis Libri XII De tradendis disciplinis liber III:
      Ante omnia arcendus puer ab authore, qui vitium poteſt fovere ac nutrire, quo is laboret : ut libidinoſus ab Ovidio, ſcurrilis a Martiale, maledicus & ſubſanator a Luciano, pronus ad impietatem a Lucretio, & pleriſque philoſophorum, Epicureis potiſſimum. Glorioſulo non multum conferet Cicero, niſi oſtendas []
      Above all, a boy should be kept off from an author that may foster and nourish his vice, as he does his work: and so the lecherous should be kept away from Ovid, the wisecracker from Martial, the slanderous from Lucian, the prone to impiety from Lucretius and most philosophers, especially Epicureans. Cicero does not bring much to the braggart, unless you [go out of your way to] show him []
  2. (transitive) I prevent, hinder
  3. (transitive) I confine, keep close.
  4. (transitive) I defend, protect (from).
  5. (transitive) I keep away, take off, move away, alienate.

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of arceō (second conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present arceō arcēs arcet arcēmus arcētis arcent
imperfect arcēbam arcēbās arcēbat arcēbāmus arcēbātis arcēbant
future arcēbō arcēbis arcēbit arcēbimus arcēbitis arcēbunt
perfect arcuī arcuistī arcuit arcuimus arcuistis arcuērunt,
arcuēre
pluperfect arcueram arcuerās arcuerat arcuerāmus arcuerātis arcuerant
future perfect arcuerō arcueris arcuerit arcuerimus arcueritis arcuerint
passive present arceor arcēris,
arcēre
arcētur arcēmur arcēminī arcentur
imperfect arcēbar arcēbāris,
arcēbāre
arcēbātur arcēbāmur arcēbāminī arcēbantur
future arcēbor arcēberis,
arcēbere
arcēbitur arcēbimur arcēbiminī arcēbuntur
perfect arcitus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect arcitus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect arcitus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present arceam arceās arceat arceāmus arceātis arceant
imperfect arcērem arcērēs arcēret arcērēmus arcērētis arcērent
perfect arcuerim arcuerīs arcuerit arcuerīmus arcuerītis arcuerint
pluperfect arcuissem arcuissēs arcuisset arcuissēmus arcuissētis arcuissent
passive present arcear arceāris,
arceāre
arceātur arceāmur arceāminī arceantur
imperfect arcērer arcērēris,
arcērēre
arcērētur arcērēmur arcērēminī arcērentur
perfect arcitus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect arcitus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present arcē arcēte
future arcētō arcētō arcētōte arcentō
passive present arcēre arcēminī
future arcētor arcētor arcentor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives arcēre arcuisse arcitūrum esse arcērī arcitum esse arcitum īrī
participles arcēns arcitūrus arcitus arcendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
arcendī arcendō arcendum arcendō arcitum arcitū

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • arceo in Enrico Olivetti, editor (2003-2022) Dizionario Latino, Olivetti Media Communication
  • arceo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • arceo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • arceo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette