ayırmak

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish آیرمق(ayırmak, to part; separate, choose, pick, select, distinguish), from Proto-Turkic *adï- (to separate).[1]

Cognate with Karakhanid [script needed] (aδır-, to separate), Old Turkic [script needed] (adır-, to separate), Azerbaijani ayırmaq (to separate), Bashkir айырыу (ayırıw, to separate), Chuvash уйӑр (ujăr, to separate), Khakas азырарға (azırarğa, to separate), Kyrgyz айыруу (ayıruu, to separate), Turkmen aýyrmak (to separate), Uzbek ayirmoq (to separate), Yakut атыр (atır, to separate).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ayırmak (third-person singular simple present ayırır)

  1. (transitive) to part, separate, sever
  2. (transitive) to choose, pick, select
  3. (transitive) to set apart, divide, sunder
  4. (transitive) to detach
  5. (transitive) to distinguish
  6. (transitive) to sort, classify
  7. (transitive) to save, reserve, spare
  8. (transitive) to isolate
  9. (transitive) to discriminate
  10. (transitive) to except, exclude

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*adɨ-r-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill