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See also: spāre

Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English spare, spar, from Old English spær (sparing, scant), from Proto-Germanic *sparaz (compare with Dutch spaar(zaam), German spar(sam) and spär(lich), Swedish spar(sam), Icelandic sparr (sparing)), from Proto-Indo-European *sper- (compare Latin (pro)sperus (lucky), Old Church Slavonic споръ (sporŭ, plentiful), Albanian shperr (earn money), Persian سپار (sepār, entrust; deposit), Ancient Greek σπαρνός (sparnós, rare), Sanskrit स्फिर (sphirá, thick)).

AdjectiveEdit

spare (comparative sparer, superlative sparest)

  1. Scanty; not abundant or plentiful.
    a spare diet
    • 2012 May 24, Nathan Rabin, “Film: Reviews: Men In Black 3”, in The Onion AV Club[1]:
      Jones’ sad eyes betray a pervasive pain his purposefully spare dialogue only hints at, while the perfectly cast Brolin conveys hints of playfulness and warmth while staying true to the craggy stoicism at the character’s core.
  2. Sparing; frugal; parsimonious; chary.
    • Carew
      He was spare, but discreet of speech.
    • 2009 April 12, Phil Patton, “At VW, the Italian Accent Gets Stronger”, in New York Times[2]:
      Under Hartmut Warkuss, its design director until 2003, Volkswagen styling celebrated its Teutonic origins and the spare modernist tradition expressed in Braun radios and coffee makers, reference points for the neomodern simplicity of the iPod.
  3. Being over and above what is necessary, or what must be used or reserved; not wanted, or not used; superfluous.
    I have no spare time.
    • Spenser
      if that no spare clothes he had to give
  4. Held in reserve, to be used in an emergency.
    a spare anchor; a spare bed or room
  5. Lean; wanting flesh; meager; thin; gaunt.
    • Shakespeare
      O, give me the spare men, and spare me the great ones.
  6. (Britain, informal) Mad: angry or crazy.
    When he found out that someone had broken the window, he went spare.
    The poor girl is going spare, stuck in the house all day with the kids like that.
    • 2006, Tate Hallaway, Tall, Dark & Dead:
      “That'll drive him spare.”
    • 2013, David Ovason, The Zelator
      My grandfather (unaware that he was using antique terms) would often say ruefully that I would drive him spare. The idea was that my behaviour would so dement him as to drive him berserk.
  7. (obsolete, Britain, dialect) Slow.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Grose to this entry?)
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

spare (plural spares)

  1. The act of sparing; moderation; restraint.
    • Holland
      Killing for sacrifice, without any spare.
  2. Parsimony; frugal use.
    • Spenser
      Poured out their plenty without spite or spare.
  3. An opening in a petticoat or gown; a placket.
  4. That which has not been used or expended.
  5. A spare part, especially a spare tire.
  6. (bowling) The right of bowling again at a full set of pins, after having knocked all the pins down in less than three bowls. If all the pins are knocked down in one bowl it is a double spare; in two bowls, a single spare.
  7. (bowling) The act of knocking down all remaining pins in second ball of a frame; this entitles the pins knocked down on the next ball to be added to the score for that frame.
  8. (Canada) A block of school during which one does not have a class.
    • 2010, Sandra Rinomato, Realty Check: Real Estate Secrets for First-Time Canadian Home Buyers
      I also remember watching David Letterman's short-lived morning show on TV when I had a spare during my school schedule.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English sparen, sparien, from Old English sparian (to spare, show mercy to, refrain from injuring or destroying), from Proto-Germanic *sparōną, *sparjaną (to save, keep, spare), from Proto-Indo-European *sper- (to be productive, earn). Cognate with Scots spar, spare, spair (to spare), West Frisian sparje (to save, spare), Dutch sparen (to save, spare), German sparen (to save, conserve, economise), Swedish spara (to save, save up), Icelandic spara (to save, conserve).

VerbEdit

spare (third-person singular simple present spares, present participle sparing, simple past and past participle spared)

  1. To show mercy.
    1. (intransitive) To desist; to stop; to refrain.
    2. (intransitive) To refrain from inflicting harm; to use mercy or forbearance.
    3. (transitive) To preserve from danger or punishment; to forbear to punish, injure, or harm; to show mercy.
  2. To keep.
    1. (intransitive) To be frugal; not to be profuse; to live frugally; to be parsimonious.
      • 1737, Alexander Pope, The Second Epistle of the Second Book of Horace, Imitated by Mr. Pope:
        I, who at some times spend, at others spare, / Divided between carelessness and care.
    2. (transitive) To keep to oneself; to forbear to impart or give.
      Spare the rod and spoil the child.
    3. (transitive) To save or gain, as by frugality; to reserve, as from some occupation, use, or duty.
      • 1610, Richard Knolles, The Generall Historie of the Turkes, from the First Beginning of that Nation[3], page 580:
        All the time he could spare from the necessary cares of his weighty charge, from assaults, and the naturall refreshing of his body, be bestowed in praier and seruing of God
  3. (transitive) (to give up): To deprive oneself of, as by being frugal; to do without; to dispense with; to give up; to part with.
    • a. 1779, Earl of Roscommon, “The Twenty-second Ode of the First Book of Horace”:
      Where angry Jove did never spare / One breath of kind and temperate air.
    • c. 1597, William Shakespeare, The History of Henry the Fourth (Part 1), Act V, scene iv:
      Poor Jack, farewell! / I could have better spared a better man
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 22, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      Not unnaturally, “Auntie” took this communication in bad part. [] Next day she [] tried to recover her ward by the hair of the head. Then, thwarted, the wretched creature went to the police for help; she was versed in the law, and had perhaps spared no pains to keep on good terms with the local constabulary.
TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From English spare.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /spɛːr/, [ˈsb̥æːɐ̯]

NounEdit

spare c (singular definite sparen, plural indefinite spare or spares)

  1. (bowling) spare (the act of knocking down all remaining pins in second ball of a frame)
InflectionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse spara.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /spaːrə/, [ˈsb̥ɑːɑ]

VerbEdit

spare (imperative spar, infinitive at spare, present tense sparer, past tense sparede, perfect tense er/har sparet)

  1. save
  2. spare
  3. economize
  4. save up

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

spare

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of sparen

FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin sparus

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

spare m (plural spares)

  1. A fish of the superorder Acanthopterygii

Etymology 2Edit

From English spare

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

spare m (plural spares)

  1. (bowling) a spare.

Related termsEdit


GermanEdit

VerbEdit

spare

  1. First-person singular present of sparen.
  2. First-person singular subjunctive I of sparen.
  3. Third-person singular subjunctive I of sparen.
  4. Imperative singular of sparen.

ItalianEdit

LatinEdit

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse spara

VerbEdit

spare (imperative spar, present tense sparer, simple past sparte, past participle spart, present participle sparende)

  1. to save

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit