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DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch bederven; see there for further etymology.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bəˈdɛrvə(n)/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: be‧der‧ven
  • Rhymes: -ɛrvən

VerbEdit

bederven

  1. (ergative) to spoil, to go off, to go bad
  2. (transitive) to make worse
  3. (transitive) to indulge, spoil

InflectionEdit

Inflection of bederven (strong class 3+7, prefixed)
infinitive bederven
past singular bedierf
past participle bedorven
infinitive bederven
gerund bederven n
present tense past tense
1st person singular bederf bedierf
2nd person sing. (jij) bederft bedierf
2nd person sing. (u) bederft bedierf
2nd person sing. (gij) bederft bedierft
3rd person singular bederft bedierf
plural bederven bedorven
subjunctive sing.1 bederve bedorve
subjunctive plur.1 bederven bedorven
imperative sing. bederf
imperative plur.1 bederft
participles bedervend bedorven
1) Archaic.

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

The prefix is be- and the second element is from Proto-Germanic *derbaną, but whether the word was formed in Old or Middle Dutch or was inherited from Proto-Germanic is unclear: while on the one hand, there are no affixless reflexes of *derbaną attested in Old or Middle Dutch, there are also no cognates of this specific prefixed formation in other Germanic languages. Perhaps an Early Medieval or Late Antique formation, from when a hypothetical Frankish or early Old Dutch reflex of *derbaną had not yet become obsolete. This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

VerbEdit

bederven

  1. to ruin, to kill
  2. to damage, to destroy
  3. to perish
  4. to die

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit