Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English be-, bi-, from Old English be- ‎(be-), from Proto-Germanic *bi- ‎(be-), from Proto-Germanic *bi ‎(near, by), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi ‎(at, near). See by.

Cognate with Dutch be- ‎(be-), German be- ‎(be-), Swedish be- ‎(be-). More at by.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

be-

  1. (rare or no longer productive) By, near, next to, around, close to.
    beleaguer, bestand, beset, besit
  2. (rare or no longer productive) Around; about.
    begather, belay, belook, bestir, belive, besmell, bewrap
  3. (rare or no longer productive) About, regarding, concerning, over.
    bewrite, betalk, betell, bemoan, bemourn, bewail, beknow, besing, bespeak
  4. (rare or no longer productive) On, upon, at, to, in contact with something.
    beclothe, becall, besee, behold, befall, bedo, beshine, besmile, betone
  5. (rare or no longer productive) Off, away, over, across
    becut, bedeal, betake, bego, behead, belimb, beland, benim, bereave, besleeve, betrunk
  6. (rare or no longer productive) As an intensifier; i.e. thoroughly, excessively; completely; utterly.
    bebreak, begladden, belabour, behate, bedazzle
  7. (rare or no longer productive) All around; about; abundantly; all over.
    belave, belick, bescatter, bekiss
  8. (rare or no longer productive) Forming verbs derived from nouns or adjectives, usually with the sense of "to make, become, or cause to be".
    becalm, bedark, befree, befriend, bedim, beken, benight, benothing, bewet, besmooth, bestrange
  9. (archaic or informal) Used to intensify adjectives meaning "adorned with something" often those with the suffix -ed.
    besequined, befeathered, beclawed, bewebbed, betasseled, beloved

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  • the NED and OED

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German be-.

PrefixEdit

be-

  1. Forms adjectives from nouns, with the sense "having noun".
    hår ("hair") → behåret ("hairy")
    hjerte ("heart") → behjertet ("hearty, brave")
  2. Forms verbs from adjectives, with the sense "making adjective".
    svanger ("pregnant") → besvangre ("impregnate")
    rolig ("calm") → berolige ("calm, soothe")
  3. Prepends to verbs, having no effect save making the verb transitive
    tvivlebetvivle ("doubt")
    kæmpebekæmpe ("fight")

Usage notesEdit

Verbs formed with be- are transitive. Many such words are formed after Middle Low German words.

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit


DutchEdit

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German bi-, from Proto-Germanic *bi-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁epi.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

be-

  1. Inseparable verbal prefix that signifies working on something or change of state.
  2. Inseparable verbal prefix that signifies touching the object.
  3. Inseparable verbal prefix that signifies discussing or mentioning the object.

Usage notesEdit

  • Verbs with this prefix very often take a "direct object (i.e., an object in the accusative case).

Derived termsEdit


HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

be-

  1. (verbal prefix) in. It indicates actions with inward direction.
    megy ‎(to go) → bemegy ‎(to go in to)

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


LimburgishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Germanic

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

be-

  1. Inseparable verbal prefix that signifies working on something or change of state.
  2. Inseparable verbal prefix that signifies touching the object.
  3. Inseparable verbal prefix that signifies discussing or mentioning the object.

Usage notesEdit

  • The verb with this prefix takes very often a direct object (i.e., an object in the accusative case).

LuxembourgishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old High German bi-, from Proto-Germanic *bi-, from *bi.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

be-

  1. Inseparable verbal prefix that signifies working on something or change of state.
  2. Inseparable verbal prefix that signifies touching the object.
  3. Inseparable verbal prefix that signifies discussing or mentioning the object.

Usage notesEdit

Derived termsEdit



Middle DutchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch bi-, be-, from Proto-Germanic *bi-.

PrefixEdit

be-

  1. A verb prefix with a variety of meanings.

Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit


Middle Low GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Saxon bi-, from Proto-Germanic *bi-. Cognate to ‎(by).

PrefixEdit

be-

  1. Makes an intransitive verb transitive or denotes that the action is targeted at something or accompanying something.
    vallen (to fall) → bevallen (befall, afflict)
    singen (to sing) → besingen (to sing about something; to sing for the merit of something)
    bischop besingen – to ordain someone as bishop while chanting
  2. Denotes on top, onto, often used to create figurative meanings.
    sitten (to sit) → besitten (to sit on top of; to own; to climb onto something; to acquire)
  3. Denotes next to, very close.
    bûwen (to build) → bebûwen (to build too close to something else; to siege)

Alternative formsEdit


NavajoEdit

PrefixEdit

be-

  1. his, her (indicates secondary or alienable possession, in opposition to bi-. See for example akʼah, beʼakʼah)

See alsoEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

An unstressed form of , from Proto-Germanic *bi-.

PronunciationEdit

PrefixEdit

be-

  1. A productive prefix usually used to form verbs and adjectives, especially:
    verbs with the sense "around, throughout",
    transitive verbs from intransitive verbs, adjectives and nouns.

Old SaxonEdit

PrefixEdit

be-

  1. Alternative form of bi-

SwedishEdit

PrefixEdit

be-

  1. same as German be-, often found in German loan-words, primarily verbs and words based on verbs

Usage notesEdit

In many cases the be- prefix doesn't change the meaning at all, it only makes word look more German. Swedish linguists in the late 19th century (Adolf Noreen, later also Erik Wellander) successfully promoted the idea that this prefix should be dropped from such words, for example befrämja turned into främja.

Derived termsEdit



VolapükEdit

PrefixEdit

be-

  1. Used to make an indirect object a direct object.
  2. Strengthens the meaning of the radical.
  3. Implies causing or conferring the meaning of the radical.

Derived termsEdit



ZuluEdit

PrefixEdit

be- ‎(basic noun prefix)

  1. Basic (augmentless) form of abe-
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