EnglishEdit

 
French Neoclassical carpet, circa 1814-1830
 
The Ardabil Carpet, circa 1539-1543

EtymologyEdit

From late Middle English carpette, from Old French carpite, from Medieval Latin carpita/Italian carpita, introduced in the 13th century by the Florentines from the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia, from Middle Armenian կարպետ (karpet, carpet, rug), earlier կապերտ (kapert).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

carpet (countable and uncountable, plural carpets)

  1. A fabric used as a complete floor covering.
    • 1913, Mrs. [Marie] Belloc Lowndes, chapter I, in The Lodger, London: Methuen, OCLC 7780546; republished in Novels of Mystery: The Lodger; The Story of Ivy; What Really Happened, New York, N.Y.: Longmans, Green and Co., [], [1933], OCLC 2666860, page 0016:
      A great bargain also had been the excellent Axminster carpet which covered the floor; as, again, the arm-chair in which Bunting now sat forward, staring into the dull, small fire.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 1, in The China Governess[1]:
      The half-dozen pieces […] were painted white and carved with festoons of flowers, birds and cupids. To display them the walls had been tinted a vivid blue which had now faded, but the carpet, which had evidently been stored and recently relaid, retained its original turquoise.
  2. (figuratively) Any surface or cover resembling a carpet or fulfilling its function.
    • 1595 December 9 (first known performance), William Shakespeare, “The life and death of King Richard the Second”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene iii]:
      the grassy carpet of this plain
    • 2009, Loren Long, ‎Phil Bildner, Magic in the Outfield (page 47)
      Way deep in left field, where the carpet of green sloped upward to a terrace and greeted the thick line of trees, he reached out his glove.
  3. Any of a number of moths in the geometrid subfamily Larentiinae
  4. (obsolete) A wrought cover for tables.
    • 1655, Thomas Fuller, James Nichols, editor, The Church History of Britain, [], volume (please specify |volume=I to III), new edition, London: [] [James Nichols] for Thomas Tegg and Son, [], published 1837, OCLC 913056315:
      Tables and beds covered with copes instead of carpets and coverlets.
  5. (slang, vulgar) A woman's pubic hair.

Usage notesEdit

The terms carpet and rug are often used interchangeably, but various distinctions are drawn. Most often, a rug is loose and covers part of a floor, while a carpet covers most or all of the floor, and may be loose or attached, while a fitted carpet runs wall-to-wall.

Initially carpet referred primarily to table and wall coverings, today called tablecloth or tapestry – the use of the term for floor coverings dates to the 18th century, following trade with Persia.

Derived termsEdit

Terms derived from carpet (noun)

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: カーペット (kāpetto)

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

VerbEdit

carpet (third-person singular simple present carpets, present participle carpeting, simple past and past participle carpeted)

  1. To lay carpet, or to have carpet installed, in an area.
    After the fire, they carpeted over the blackened hardwood flooring.
    The builders were carpeting in the living room when Zadie inspected her new house.
  2. (transitive) To substantially cover something, as a carpet does; to blanket something.
    Popcorn and candy wrappers carpeted the floor of the cinema.
    • 2017, Jennifer S. Holland, For These Monkeys, It’s a Fight for Survival., National Geographic (March 2017)[2]
      The town of Tompasobaru, a six-hour drive from Tangkoko, is known for the fragrant cloves that carpet the front yards of homes, drying on tarps in the sun. But in the town’s open market, the air hung heavy with the metallic smell of the butcher’s wares.
  3. (Britain) To reprimand.
    • 1990, Peter Hopkirk, The Great Game, Folio Society 2010, p. 428:
      Even Colonel Yakov, so recently carpeted by St Petersburg, was reported to be back in the Pamirs.
    • 1992 June 24, Edwina Currie, Diary:
      At 4pm, the phone went. It was The Sun: 'We hear your daughter's been expelled for cheating at her school exams...'

      She'd made a remark to a friend at the end of the German exam and had been pulled up for talking.

      As they left the exam room, she muttered that the teacher was a 'twat'. He heard and flipped—a pretty stupid thing to do, knowing the kids were tired and tense after exams. Instead of dropping it, the teacher complained to the Head and Deb was carpeted.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

VerbEdit

carpet

  1. third-person singular future active indicative of carpō

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

carpet

  1. Alternative form of carpette