See also: Carpo, carpo-, and -carpo

AromanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Greek καρπός (karpós).

NounEdit

carpo

  1. fruit

SynonymsEdit


GalicianEdit

NounEdit

carpo m (plural carpos)

  1. (anatomy) carpus (entire wrist)
  2. (anatomy) carpal (any bone of the wrist)

Related termsEdit


ItalianEdit

 
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NounEdit

carpo m (plural carpi)

  1. (anatomy) carpus

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *karpō, from Proto-Indo-European *kerp-.

Compare Greek καρπός (karpós, fruit) and κείρω (keírō, to cut off), English harvest, sharp, shear.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

carpō (present infinitive carpere, perfect active carpsī, supine carptum); third conjugation

  1. I pluck, pick, harvest
    • 1st c. AD, Ovid, Metamorphoses IX.380-381:
      Stagna tamen timeat, nec carpat ab arbore flores, / et frutices omnes corpus putet esse dearum.
      (as a curse) May he fear the ponds, and may he not pick flowers from the trees, thinking all trees are bodies of goddesses.
  2. I tear off, tear out, rend
    • 1st c. AD, Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica VIII.7-8:
      crinemque genasque / aegra per antiqui carpsit vestigia somni
      and she tore off her hair and her cheeks, sorrowful, amid the traces of her previous sleep
  3. I spin (a material)
    • 1st c. AD, Virgil, Georgica IV.334-335:
      Milesia uellera nymphae / carpebant
      the nymphs were spinning Milesian wool
  4. I make good use of, enjoy something (usually a period of time)
    • 1st c. AD, Horace, Carmina I.11:
      Sapias, vina liques, et spatio brevi
      spem longam reseces. Dum loquimur, fugerit invida
      aetas: carpe diem, quam minimum credula postero.
      Be wise, make wine, and in a short time,
      lose any great hope. As we speak, time is cruelly fleeing away.
      Enjoy the day, believing the least in the future.
    • 1st c. AD, Virgil, Aeneid VII.413-414:
      Tectis hic Turnus in altis / iam mediam nigra carpebat nocte quietem.
      Here and now, in a high floor, Turnus was enjoying the middle of a dark night's calm.
    • 1st c. AD, Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica V.48:
      Carpere securas quis iam iubet Aesona noctes?
      Who is now telling Aeson to enjoy his peaceful nights?
  5. I revile, criticize, slander, carp at
    • 1st c. BC, Titus Livius, Ab urbe condita libri 45.35.5:
      Paulum, cui ipsi quoque se conparare erubuissent, obtrectatio carpsit.
      He slandered Paulus in his attack (literally "[his] disparagement tore off Paulus"), a [good] man that people would have blushed to compare themselves to.
  6. I weaken somebody, harass an enemy
    • 1st c. BC, Julius Caesar, De Bello Civili I.63:
      Relinquebatur Caesari nihil, nisi uti equitatu agmen adversariorum male haberet et carperet.
      No option remained to Cesar, other than annoying and weakening the enemy army with the cavalry.

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of carpō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present carpō carpis carpit carpimus carpitis carpunt
imperfect carpēbam carpēbās carpēbat carpēbāmus carpēbātis carpēbant
future carpam carpēs carpet carpēmus carpētis carpent
perfect carpsī carpsistī carpsit carpsimus carpsistis carpsērunt, carpsēre
pluperfect carpseram carpserās carpserat carpserāmus carpserātis carpserant
future perfect carpserō carpseris carpserit carpserimus carpseritis carpserint
passive present carpor carperis, carpere carpitur carpimur carpiminī carpuntur
imperfect carpēbar carpēbāris, carpēbāre carpēbātur carpēbāmur carpēbāminī carpēbantur
future carpar carpēris, carpēre carpētur carpēmur carpēminī carpentur
perfect carptus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect carptus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect carptus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present carpam carpās carpat carpāmus carpātis carpant
imperfect carperem carperēs carperet carperēmus carperētis carperent
perfect carpserim carpserīs carpserit carpserīmus carpserītis carpserint
pluperfect carpsissem carpsissēs carpsisset carpsissēmus carpsissētis carpsissent
passive present carpar carpāris, carpāre carpātur carpāmur carpāminī carpantur
imperfect carperer carperēris, carperēre carperētur carperēmur carperēminī carperentur
perfect carptus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect carptus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present carpe carpite
future carpitō carpitō carpitōte carpuntō
passive present carpere carpiminī
future carpitor carpitor carpuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives carpere carpsisse carptūrum esse carpī carptum esse carptum īrī
participles carpēns carptūrus carptus carpendus, carpundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
carpendī carpendō carpendum carpendō carptum carptū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek καρπός (karpós, wrist).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

carpo m (plural carpos)

  1. (anatomy) carpus
  2. wrist

SynonymsEdit

MeronymsEdit

Related termsEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin carpus, from Ancient Greek καρπός (karpós, wrist).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkarpo/
  • Rhymes: -arpo
  • Hyphenation: car‧po

NounEdit

carpo m (plural carpos)

  1. carpus
  2. (anatomy) wrist
    Synonym: muñeca

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit