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See also: Gradus and grádus



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From Gradus ad Parnassum (Latin, literally, a step to Parnassus), a 17th century prosody dictionary long used in British schools.



gradus (plural graduses)

  1. A handbook used as an aid in a difficult art or practice, specifically, a dictionary of Greek or Latin prosody used as a guide in writing of poetry in Greek or Latin.




From Proto-Indo-European *gʰredʰ- (to walk, go), cognate with Proto-Slavic *gręsti (Old Church Slavonic грѧсти (gręsti)), Lithuanian gridyti, Proto-Germanic *grid (Gothic 𐌲𐍂𐌹𐌳𐍃 (grids)), Old High German crit).



gradus m (genitive gradūs); fourth declension

  1. a step, pace
  2. a stage, degree
  3. a rank
  4. (by extension) a position, station, ground
  5. firm position, stand
  6. a step, stair, round of a ladder
  7. a braid of hair
  8. (mathematics) degree


Fourth declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative gradus gradūs
genitive gradūs
dative graduī gradibus
accusative gradum gradūs
ablative gradū gradibus
vocative gradus gradūs

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit



  • gradus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • gradus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gradus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • gradus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to take a step: gradum facere
    • to increase one's pace: gradum addere (sc. gradui) (Liv. 26. 9)
    • on tiptoe: suspenso gradu
    • to retreat step by step: gradum sensim referre
    • to disconcert a person: animum alicuius de statu, de gradu demovere (more strongly depellere, deturbare)
    • to lose one's composure; to be disconcerted: de gradu deici, ut dicitur
    • to occupy a very high position in the state: in altissimo dignitatis gradu collocatum, locatum, positum esse
    • to depose, bring down a person from his elevated position: aliquem ex altissimo dignitatis gradu praecipitare (Dom. 37. 98)
    • to overthrow a person (cf. sect. IX. 6): aliquem de dignitatis gradu demovere
    • to overthrow a person (cf. sect. IX. 6): aliquem gradu movere, depellere or de gradu (statu) deicere
    • to attain a position of dignity: dignitatis gradum ascendere
    • to reach the highest grade of office: amplissimos honorum gradus assequi, adipisci
    • to advance rapidly: citato gradu incedere (cf. sect. II. 5)
    • to halt: gradum sistere
    • to march on the enemy: gradum inferre in hostem
  • gradus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • gradus in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin