Latin

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Etymology

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From con- (together) +‎ flīgō (strike).

Pronunciation

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Verb

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cōnflīgō (present infinitive cōnflīgere, perfect active cōnflīxī, supine cōnflīctum); third conjugation

  1. (transitive) to strike together, to make collide
  2. (intransitive) to contend, combat, engage [+ cum (ablative) = against someone or something]
    Synonyms: lūctor, repugnō, pugnō, contendō, dēcernō, concurrō, certō, bellō, dīmicō, committō, serō, dēcertō
  3. (intransitive) to argue or disagree [+ cum (ablative) = with someone or something]
    Synonyms: dissentio, dissideo, discordo
    Antonyms: consentio, concordo

Conjugation

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   Conjugation of cōnflīgō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cōnflīgō cōnflīgis cōnflīgit cōnflīgimus cōnflīgitis cōnflīgunt
imperfect cōnflīgēbam cōnflīgēbās cōnflīgēbat cōnflīgēbāmus cōnflīgēbātis cōnflīgēbant
future cōnflīgam cōnflīgēs cōnflīget cōnflīgēmus cōnflīgētis cōnflīgent
perfect cōnflīxī cōnflīxistī cōnflīxit cōnflīximus cōnflīxistis cōnflīxērunt,
cōnflīxēre
pluperfect cōnflīxeram cōnflīxerās cōnflīxerat cōnflīxerāmus cōnflīxerātis cōnflīxerant
future perfect cōnflīxerō cōnflīxeris cōnflīxerit cōnflīxerimus cōnflīxeritis cōnflīxerint
passive present cōnflīgor cōnflīgeris,
cōnflīgere
cōnflīgitur cōnflīgimur cōnflīgiminī cōnflīguntur
imperfect cōnflīgēbar cōnflīgēbāris,
cōnflīgēbāre
cōnflīgēbātur cōnflīgēbāmur cōnflīgēbāminī cōnflīgēbantur
future cōnflīgar cōnflīgēris,
cōnflīgēre
cōnflīgētur cōnflīgēmur cōnflīgēminī cōnflīgentur
perfect cōnflīctus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect cōnflīctus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect cōnflīctus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cōnflīgam cōnflīgās cōnflīgat cōnflīgāmus cōnflīgātis cōnflīgant
imperfect cōnflīgerem cōnflīgerēs cōnflīgeret cōnflīgerēmus cōnflīgerētis cōnflīgerent
perfect cōnflīxerim cōnflīxerīs cōnflīxerit cōnflīxerīmus cōnflīxerītis cōnflīxerint
pluperfect cōnflīxissem cōnflīxissēs cōnflīxisset cōnflīxissēmus cōnflīxissētis cōnflīxissent
passive present cōnflīgar cōnflīgāris,
cōnflīgāre
cōnflīgātur cōnflīgāmur cōnflīgāminī cōnflīgantur
imperfect cōnflīgerer cōnflīgerēris,
cōnflīgerēre
cōnflīgerētur cōnflīgerēmur cōnflīgerēminī cōnflīgerentur
perfect cōnflīctus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect cōnflīctus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present cōnflīge cōnflīgite
future cōnflīgitō cōnflīgitō cōnflīgitōte cōnflīguntō
passive present cōnflīgere cōnflīgiminī
future cōnflīgitor cōnflīgitor cōnflīguntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives cōnflīgere cōnflīxisse cōnflīctūrum esse cōnflīgī cōnflīctum esse cōnflīctum īrī
participles cōnflīgēns cōnflīctūrus cōnflīctus cōnflīgendus,
cōnflīgundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
cōnflīgendī cōnflīgendō cōnflīgendum cōnflīgendō cōnflīctum cōnflīctū

Descendants

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  • English: conflict
  • French: conflit
  • Romanian: conflict
  • Spanish: conflicto
  • Swedish: konflikt

References

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  • confligo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • confligo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • confligo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to fight a pitched, orderly battle with an enemy: iusto (opp. tumultuario) proelio confligere cum hoste (Liv. 35. 4)