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IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish croch, from Latin crūx (cross).

NounEdit

croch f (genitive singular croiche, nominative plural crocha)

  1. cross, gallows
  2. hook, hanger
  3. crane
  4. (figuratively) tall, stooped figure
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish crochaid, from the noun croch (cross).

VerbEdit

croch (present analytic crochann, future analytic crochfaidh, verbal noun crochadh, past participle crochta) (transitive, intransitive)

  1. hang
  2. raise up
  3. lift, carry
  4. (card games) throw down (one's hand)
  5. clear up, clear off

ConjugationEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
croch chroch gcroch
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin crūx.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

croch f

  1. cross
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 20c21
      Is dó da·gníat: maith leu indocbál apstal doib et ní fodmat ingreimm ar chroich Críst.
      It is for this they do it: they like to have the glory of apostles, and they do not endure persecution for the cross of Christ.
  2. gallows

InflectionEdit

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative crochL croichL crochaH
Vocative crochL croichL crochaH
Accusative croichN croichL crochaH
Genitive croicheH crochL crochN
Dative croichL crochaib crochaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Irish: croch
  • Scottish Gaelic: croch

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
croch chroch croch
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish crochaid, from the noun croch (cross).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

croch (past chroch, future crochaidh, verbal noun crochadh, past participle crochte)

  1. hang, suspend
  2. depend

Usage notesEdit

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
croch chroch
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit