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Latin crusta (shell, crust, inlaid work).


crusta (plural crustae)

  1. A crust or shell.
  2. A gem engraved, or a plate embossed in low relief, for inlaying a vase or other object.
  3. A cocktail (typically of brandy, orange liqueur, bitters, and lemon juice and peel) distinguished by a sugared crust on the rim of the glass.
    • 1862, Jerry Thomas, How to Mix Drinks, Or The Bon-vivant's Companion, Dick & Fitzgerald, p.52:
      Crusta is made the same as a fancy cocktail, with a little lemon juice and a small lump of ice added.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for crusta in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)




From Proto-Indo-European *krustós (hardened), from *krews- (to form a crust, begin to freeze), related to Old Norse hroðr (scurf), Old English hruse (earth), Old High German hrosa (crust, ice), Latvian kruvesis (frozen mud), Ancient Greek κρύος (krúos, frost, icy cold), κρύσταλλος (krústallos, crystal, ice), Avestan 𐬑𐬭𐬎𐬰𐬛𐬭𐬀-(xruzdra-, hard), Sanskrit क्रुड् (kruḍ, thicken, make hard).



crū̆sta f (genitive crū̆stae); first declension

  1. The hard surface of a body; rind, shell, crust, bark, scab.
  2. Plaster, mosaic or stucco work on a wall.


First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative crū̆sta crū̆stae
Genitive crū̆stae crū̆stārum
Dative crū̆stae crū̆stīs
Accusative crū̆stam crū̆stās
Ablative crū̆stā crū̆stīs
Vocative crū̆sta crū̆stae

Derived termsEdit


  • Catalan: crosta
  • French: croûte
  • Friulian: croste
  • Italian: crosta
  • Norman: crôte
  • Occitan: crosta
  • Portuguese: crosta


crū̆sta n

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative plural of crū̆stum


  1. ^ Charles E. Bennett, The Latin Language – a historical outline of its sounds, inflections, and syntax, p. 57, Allyn and Bacon, Boston, 1907