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IcelandicEdit

IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish dún, from Proto-Celtic *dūnom (stronghold).

NounEdit

dún m (genitive singular dúin or dúna, nominative plural dúnta or dúna)

  1. fort; fortress
  2. place of refuge, haven
  3. (secure) residence, house
  4. promontory fort; bluff
DeclensionEdit
Alternative declension
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish dúnaid, dúinid (shuts, closes; blocks, obstructs; joins, clasps; closes, ends).

VerbEdit

dún (present analytic dúnann, future analytic dúnfaidh, verbal noun dúnadh, past participle dúnta)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) close, shut
  2. (transitive, intransitive) draw together; secure, fasten
ConjugationEdit
Alternative formsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
dún dhún ndún
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Celtic *dūnom (stronghold).

NounEdit

dún n (genitive dúin or dúine, nominative plural dúna or dúine)

  1. fort
  2. fortress
InflectionEdit
Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative dúnN dúnN dúnL, dúna
Vocative dúnN dúnN dúnL, dúna
Accusative dúnN dúnN dúnL, dúna
Genitive dúinL dún dúnN
Dative dúnL dúnaib dúnaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Neuter s-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative dúnN dúnN dúineL
Vocative dúnN dúnN dúineL
Accusative dúnN dúnN dúineL
Genitive dúineL dúine dúineN
Dative dúinL dúinib dúinib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
DescendantsEdit
  • Irish: dún
  • Manx: doon
  • Scottish Gaelic: dùn

Etymology 2Edit

From do + sinn.

PronounEdit

dún

  1. Alternative spelling of dúnn

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
dún dún
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndún
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


West FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

dún c (plural dunen, diminutive dúntsje)

  1. dune

Further readingEdit

  • dún (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011