See also: dun, dùn, dūn, dün, dǔn, d'un, duń., and dūŋ

Contents

IcelandicEdit

NounEdit

dún

  1. indefinite accusative singular of dúnn

IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish dún, from Proto-Celtic *dūnom(stronghold).

NounEdit

dún m ‎(genitive singular dúin or dúna, nominative plural dúnta or dúna)

  1. fort; fortress
  2. place of refuge, haven
  3. (secure) residence, house
  4. promontory fort; bluff
DeclensionEdit
Alternative declension
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish dúnaid, dúinid(shuts, closes; blocks, obstructs; joins, clasps; closes, ends).

VerbEdit

dún ‎(present analytic dúnann, future analytic dúnfaidh, verbal noun dúnadh, past participle dúnta)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) close, shut
  2. (transitive, intransitive) draw together; secure, fasten
ConjugationEdit
Alternative formsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
dún dhún ndún
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

External linksEdit

  • "dún" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • dún” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • dúnaid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Celtic *dūnom(stronghold).

NounEdit

dún n ‎(genitive dúin or dúine, nominative plural dúine)

  1. fort
  2. fortress
InflectionEdit
Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative dúnN dúnN dúnL, dúna
Vocative dúnN dúnN dúnL, dúna
Accusative dúnN dúnN dúnL, dúna
Genitive dúinL dún dúnN
Dative dúnL dúnaib dúnaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From do + sinn.

PronounEdit

dún

  1. Alternative spelling of dúnn

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
dún dún
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndún
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

External linksEdit

  • dún” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

West FrisianEdit

NounEdit

dún c

  1. dune