See also: Druid

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from French druide, from Old French [Term?], via Latin [Term?], from Gaulish [Term?]. The earliest record of the term in Latin is in Julius Caesar in the first century B.C. in his De Bello Gallico. The native Celtic word for "druid" is first attested in Latin texts as druides (plural) and other texts also employ the form druidae (akin to the Greek form). It is understood that the Latin form is a borrowing from Gaulish [Term?]. The word is cognate with the later insular Celtic words, Old Irish druí(druid, sorcerer) and early Welsh dryw(seer). The proto-Celtic word may be *druwits(literally oak-knower), from Proto-Indo-European *dóru(tree) and *weyd-(to see).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

druid ‎(plural druids)

  1. One of an order of priests among certain groups of Celts before the adoption of Abrahamic religions.
    • 2004, Fitch, E. J. Right Action and the environment: a common environmental catechism, fundamentalism, and political extremism. Interdisciplinary Environmental Review, 6(2), 132-139.
      Druidic faiths to the loose coupling one found in the Roman rites. The ascendance to dominance, at least in terms of number of adherents, of the three monotheistic Abrahamic faiths marked a decline []

Usage notesEdit

  • Often capitalized: Druid.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit


IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish truit f(starling), from Proto-Celtic *trozdi-, from Proto-Indo-European *trozdo-(thrush); compare Latin turdus, German Drossel, and English thrush.

NounEdit

druid f ‎(genitive singular druide, nominative plural druideanna)

  1. starling
DeclensionEdit
Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish druitid(shuts, closes; moves close (to), presses (against); approaches; moves away from, abandons), possibly related to Welsh drws(door).

VerbEdit

druid ‎(present analytic druideann, future analytic druidfidh, verbal noun druidim, past participle druidte)

  1. (Ulster) close, shut
  2. move relative to something
    1. (with le) move close to, draw near, approach
    2. (with ar) close upon
    3. (with ó) move away from
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

druid m

  1. genitive singular of drud

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
druid dhruid ndruid
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • "druid" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • truit” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • druitid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish GaelicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish truit f(starling), from Proto-Celtic *trozdi-, from Proto-Indo-European *trozdo-(thrush).

NounEdit

druid f ‎(genitive singular druide, plural druidean)

  1. starling

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish druitid(shuts, closes; moves close (to), presses (against); approaches; moves away from, abandons), possibly related to Welsh drws(door).

VerbEdit

druid ‎(past dhruid, future druididh, verbal noun druideadh, past participle druidte)

  1. shut closely
  2. cover
  3. enclose, surround
  4. advance, come up
  5. join
  6. hasten
  7. step toward
  8. approach, draw near
Alternative formsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • truit” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • druitid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.