See also: Druid

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French druide, from Old French, via Latin Druidae, from Gaulish *druwits, from Proto-Celtic *druwits (literally oak-knower), from Proto-Indo-European *dóru (tree) and *weyd- (to see).

The earliest record of the term in Latin is by Julius Caesar in the first century B.C. in his De Bello Gallico. The native Celtic word for "druid" is first attested in Latin texts as druides (plural) and other texts also employ the form druidae (akin to the Greek form). Cognate with the later insular Celtic words, Old Irish druí (druid, sorcerer) and early Welsh dryw (seer).

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈdɹu.ɪd/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uɪd

NounEdit

druid (plural druids)

  1. One of an order of priests among certain groups of Celts before the adoption of Abrahamic religions.

Usage notesEdit

  • Often capitalized: Druid.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit


IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish truit f (starling), from Proto-Celtic *trozdis, from Proto-Indo-European *trosdos (thrush); compare Latin turdus, German Drossel, and English thrush.

NounEdit

druid f (genitive singular druide, nominative plural druideanna)

  1. starling (Sturnus vulgaris)
DeclensionEdit
Alternative formsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish druitid (shuts, closes; moves close (to), presses (against); approaches; moves away from, abandons), possibly related to Welsh drws (door).

VerbEdit

druid (present analytic druideann, future analytic druidfidh, verbal noun druidim, past participle druidte) (transitive, intransitive)

  1. (Ulster) close, shut
  2. move relative to something
    1. (with le) move close to, draw near, approach
    2. (with ar) close upon
    3. (with ó) move away from
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 3Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

NounEdit

druid m

  1. genitive singular of drud

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
druid dhruid ndruid
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

druïd

  1. inflection of druí:
    1. accusative/dative singular
    2. nominative/vocative/accusative dual
    3. nominative plural

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
druïd druïd
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndruïd
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

From Gaulish *druwits, from Proto-Celtic *druwits (literally oak-knower), from Proto-Indo-European *dóru (tree) and *weyd- (to see).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

druid m pers (feminine druidka)

  1. druid

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • druid in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Scottish GaelicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish truit f (starling), from Proto-Celtic *trozdi-, from Proto-Indo-European *trozdo- (thrush).

NounEdit

druid f (genitive singular druide, plural druidean)

  1. starling

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish druitid (shuts, closes; moves close (to), presses (against); approaches; moves away from, abandons), possibly related to Welsh drws (door).

VerbEdit

druid (past dhruid, future druididh, verbal noun druideadh, past participle druidte)

  1. shut closely
  2. cover
  3. enclose, surround
  4. advance, come up
  5. join
  6. hasten
  7. step toward
  8. approach, draw near
Alternative formsEdit

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
druid dhruid
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit