See also: dargs

Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

There are differing suggestions on the origin of this term, the most likely of which is to derive it from Proto-Indo-European *der-, *dor-(to tear, to peel, to pluck, to slice) (whence also dergties(to feel disgusted), q.v.), with an extra , from which Proto-Baltic *darg- > *dargs > dārgs (with lengthening from the intonation on -àr- > -ā̀r). The original meaning could have been “which got torn, became unpleasant” (compare Lithuanian dargùs(disgusting, unpleasant), Latvian derdzīgs(hideous)) > “unpleasantly high (price, reward)” > “expensive, having high value, valuable,” from which metaphorically “dear, beloved.” Note that the “beloved” meaning is relatively recent: it is not typical of old folkloric language. Other scholars, however, derive dārgs from Proto-Indo-European *dʰer-(to hold, to prop, to support). A third suggestion is that this stem is a Slavic innovation (with “dear, beloved” as the original meaning), from which it was borrowed into Baltic. Cognates include Proto-Slavic *dorgъ(expensive, dear, beloved) (Old Church Slavonic драгъ(dragŭ), Russian дорогой(dorogój), Belarusian дарагі(daragí), Ukrainian дорогий(dorohýj), Bulgarian драг(drag), Czech drahý, Polish drogi).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

AdjectiveEdit

dārgs (def. dārgais, comp. dārgāks, sup. visdārgākais; adv. dārgi)

  1. expensive, costly (having a high price, for which one must pay very much)
    pārmērīgi dārgs‎ ― prohibitively expensive
    cik dārgs?‎ ― how expensive (is it)? how much does it cost?
    dārgs gredzens, tērps‎ ― expensive ring, clothes
    dārgas kažokādas, konfektes‎ ― expensive fur, candy
    dārga laboratorijas iekārta‎ ― expensive laboratory equipment
    smēķēt dārgus cigārus‎ ― to smoke expensive cigars
    dārgs dzīvoklis‎ ― expensive apartment
  2. expensive, costly (which takes a lot of money for its services, realization, maintenance)
    dārgs meistars, amatnieks‎ ― expensive tradesman, artisan
    dārga dzīve‎ ― expensive life
    dārgas izpriecas‎ ― expensive, costly pleasures
  3. dear, important, valuable, precious (having great significance, high value; being difficult to find)
    pasaules tautām miers ir dārgs‎ ― peace is dear, important to the people of the world
    katrs ūdens piliens ir dārgs‎ ― every drop of water is dear, important
    laiks, katrs bridis, mirklis ir dārgs‎ ― time, every moment is dear, important
  4. dear, cherished, precious, beloved (that about which one has strong feelings)
    dārgas atmiņas‎ ― dear, cherished memories
    mans dārgais bērns‎ ― my dear, beloved child
    dārgie viesi!‎ ― dear guests!
    visdārgākais cilvēks‎ ― most cherished, beloved person

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dārgs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7