Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

A pre-13th-century borrowing from Old East Slavic богатыи(bogatyi) (cf. Russian богатый(bogátyj, rich)) or from Belarusian багаты(baháty, rich), both from the same stem as Old Church Slavonic богъ(bogŭ, happiness; abundance, riches; god), whence also its opposite nabags(poor) (q.v.).[1] Compare Lithuanian bagótas(rich), also a Slavic borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

bagāts (def. bagātais, comp. bagātāks, sup. visbagātākais; adv. bagāti)

  1. rich, wealthy (having a lot of money; having many valuable possessions)
    bagāts cilvēks‎ ― rich person
    bagāta valsts‎ ― rich country
    bagāts saimnieks, fabrikants‎ ― rich landowner, industrialist
  2. rich, expensive, luxurious (made with very valuable material, components; containing something valuable)
    bagāts pusdienu galds‎ ― rich dinner table
    bagāts pūrs‎ ― rich dowry
    bagāts nams‎ ― rich house (where rich people live)
  3. rich (having a large amount of something; having many valuable parts)
    zivīm bagāta upe‎ ― a river rich in fish
    ar mežiem bagāts apvidus‎ ― an area rich in forests
    Čiaturas mangāna atradnes ir vienas no bagātākajām pasaulē‎ ― the Čiatura manganese deposits are one of the richest in the world
  4. rich (large in number or size)
    bagāts loms‎ ― a rich catch
    bagāta raža‎ ― a rich harvest
  5. (of time periods) rich, productive, generous
    bagāts gads, rudens‎ ― a rich year, autumn
    bagāts mūžs‎ ― a rich life
    tās bija siltas, saulainas un augļu bagātas dienas‎ ― those were warm, sunny and fruit-rich days
  6. rich, varied (in form, in nuances, in elements)
    bagāta valoda‎ ― a rich language
    bagāta dzeja‎ ― rich poetry
    bagāta fantāzija‎ ― rich fantasy
    mākslinieks ar bagātu iztēli‎ ― artist with a rich imagination
    bagāta grāmatu kolekcija‎ ― rich collection of books
    bagāta augu valsts‎ ― rich plant kingdom (= vegetation)
    bagāta fauna‎ ― rich fauna
  7. rich (having excellent skills, knowledge, qualities, potential, contributions)
    pieredzes bagāts biškopis‎ ― a beekeeper rich in experience
    nopelniem bagāts zinātnieks‎ ― a scientist, scholar rich in merits
    palīdzot bērniem apgūt zināšanas, mēs dažreiz arī paši kļūstam bagātāki‎ ― helping children obtain knowledge, we sometimes also become richer
  8. (of the mind, the psyche, the spirit) rich, sensitive, deep
    bagāta dvēsele‎ ― a rich soul

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “bagāts”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7