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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

A pre-13th-century borrowing from Old East Slavic богатыи (bogatyi) (cf. Russian богатый (bogátyj, rich)) or from Belarusian багаты (baháty, rich), both from the same stem as Old Church Slavonic богъ (bogŭ, happiness; abundance, riches; god), whence also its opposite nabags (poor) (q.v.).[1] Compare Lithuanian bagótas (rich), also a Slavic borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

bagāts (definite bagātais, comparative bagātāks, superlative visbagātākais, adverb bagāti)

  1. rich, wealthy (having a lot of money; having many valuable possessions)
    bagāts cilvēksrich person
    bagāta valstsrich country
    bagāts saimnieks, fabrikantsrich landowner, industrialist
  2. rich, expensive, luxurious (made with very valuable material, components; containing something valuable)
    bagāts pusdienu galdsrich dinner table
    bagāts pūrsrich dowry
    bagāts namsrich house (where rich people live)
  3. rich (having a large amount of something; having many valuable parts)
    zivīm bagāta upea river rich in fish
    ar mežiem bagāts apvidusan area rich in forests
    Čiaturas mangāna atradnes ir vienas no bagātākajām pasaulēthe Čiatura manganese deposits are one of the richest in the world
  4. rich (large in number or size)
    bagāts lomsa rich catch
    bagāta ražaa rich harvest
  5. (of time periods) rich, productive, generous
    bagāts gads, rudensa rich year, autumn
    bagāts mūžsa rich life
    tās bija siltas, saulainas un augļu bagātas dienasthose were warm, sunny and fruit-rich days
  6. rich, varied (in form, in nuances, in elements)
    bagāta valodaa rich language
    bagāta dzejarich poetry
    bagāta fantāzijarich fantasy
    mākslinieks ar bagātu iztēliartist with a rich imagination
    bagāta grāmatu kolekcijarich collection of books
    bagāta augu valstsrich plant kingdom (= vegetation)
    bagāta faunarich fauna
  7. rich (having excellent skills, knowledge, qualities, potential, contributions)
    pieredzes bagāts biškopisa beekeeper rich in experience
    nopelniem bagāts zinātnieksa scientist, scholar rich in merits
    palīdzot bērniem apgūt zināšanas, mēs dažreiz arī paši kļūstam bagātākihelping children obtain knowledge, we sometimes also become richer
  8. (of the mind, the psyche, the spirit) rich, sensitive, deep
    bagāta dvēselea rich soul

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “bagāts”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7