Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the same stem as gaišs(bright, light): Proto-Baltic *gīd- (with an extra syllable -ro), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰəid-, *gʷʰīd-, *gʷʰid-(bright, shining). Cognates include Lithuanian giẽdras, gaidrùs(bright, clear), Ancient Greek φαιδρός(phaidrós, bright, clear, happy).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

AdjectiveEdit

dzidrs (def. dzidrais, comp. dzidrāks, sup. visdzidrākais; adv. dzidri)

  1. clear and transparent, also shiny
    dzidrs stikls‎ ― clear glass
    dzidrs avots‎ ― clear spring, source
    ledus bija plāns un dzidrs, tā ka tam cauri varēja redzēt‎ ― the ice was thin and clear, so that one could see through it
    ezera ūdens ir dzidrs: var saskatīt dibenu, kaut gan dziļums sasniedz 20 metru‎ ― the lake water is clear: one can see the bottom, even though the depth reaches 20 meters
  2. clear, without fog, haze, clouds, without impurities
    debesis dzidras un skaidras, spīd saule‎ ― the sky is clear and clean, the sun is shining
    pelēkzilganās dūmu strūklas lēnām izzūd dzidrajā vasaras gaisā‎ ― the grayish-blue jets of smoke slowly disappeared in the clear summer air
    saule jau bija pakāpusies augstu, dienas solījās būt dzidra un silta‎ ― the sun had already risen high, the day was promising to be clear and warm
  3. (of eyes) clear, bright, limpid
    skatīties ar dzidrām acīm‎ ― to watch with clear, limpid eyes
  4. (figuratively) clear, pure (without negative elements; nice, good)
    cik tīrs un dzidrs lauku cilvēka prieks‎ ― how clean and clear (= pure) is the joy of a countryside person
    sirsnīgi valdzinošs, sievišķīgi poētisks un dzidrs ir Laimdotas tēls‎ ― the (play) character Laimdota is sincerely captivating, femininely poetic and clear
  5. (of colors, light) clear, clean, pure (without admixture of other colors)
    dzidras, spektrālas krāsas‎ ― clear, spectral colors
    zvaigžņu dzidrais mirdzums‎ ― the clear shine of the stars
    debesis bija dzidri zilas un dziļas: nekur nevienas pelēksnējas svītras‎ ― the sky was clear blue and deep: nowhere a single grayish stripe
  6. (of sounds, voices, musical instruments) high, sonorous, melodious
    dzidra flauta‎ ― clear flute
    dzidrs zvans‎ ― clear bell
    klausitāji apbrīnoja mūzikas instrumentu dzidro skanējumu‎ ― the audience admired the clear sound of the musical instruments
    putniņš skandina dzidrus, gaiša prieka pilnus treļļus‎ ― the little bird was singing clear trills, full of bright joy
    man palikusi prātā jūsu balss: dzidra, skanīga kā zvaniņš‎ ― your voice remained in my mind: as clear and sonorous as a little bell

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dzidrs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7