From Proto-Finnic *erä, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *erä (apart).[1] Koivulehto proposes that the Finno-Ugric word is a borrowing from Proto-Indo-Iranian *er-.[2]


  • IPA(key): /ˈeræ/, [ˈe̞ræ]
  • Rhymes: -eræ
  • Syllabification: e‧rä



  1. batch (quantity of anything produced at one operation)
  2. lot (separate portion; a number of things taken collectively)
  3. Short for maksuerä (instalment, partial payment).
  4. (accounting) Short for tilierä (item, entry).
  5. (sports) a subdivision of game time (can be a time-limited part of a match between two parties or, where the number of contestants exceeds the capacity of the sports facillity, a qualifying competition between a subset of contestants, the translation into English varies by sport)
    1. (ice hockey) period
    2. (soccer) half
    3. (basketball) quarter or half, depending on rules applied
    4. (boxing) round
    5. (tennis, volleyball) set
    6. (squash (sport)) game
    7. (athletics) heat
    8. (polo) chukker
    9. (curling) end
  6. (rare, hunting) game, catch
  7. (archaic) wilderness, especially one that is good hunting ground.


Inflection of erä (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative erä erät
genitive erän erien
partitive erää eriä
illative erään eriin
singular plural
nominative erä erät
accusative nom. erä erät
gen. erän
genitive erän erien
partitive erää eriä
inessive erässä erissä
elative erästä eristä
illative erään eriin
adessive erällä erillä
ablative erältä eriltä
allative erälle erille
essive eränä erinä
translative eräksi eriksi
instructive erin
abessive erättä erittä
comitative erineen
Possessive forms of erä (type koira)
possessor singular plural
1st person eräni erämme
2nd person eräsi eränne
3rd person eränsä


Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Häkkinen, Kaisa (2004) Nykysuomen etymologinen sanakirja [Modern Finnish Etymological Dictionary] (in Finnish), Juva: WSOY, →ISBN
  2. ^ Koivulehto, Jorma. Verba mutuata: quae vestigia antiquissimi cum Germanis aliisque Indo-Europaeis contactus in linguis Fennicis reliquerint (1999). Edited by Klaas Ph. Ruppel. SUST 237.