See also: half- and hálf-

EnglishEdit

English numbers (edit)
 ←  1 2 3  → 
    Cardinal: two
    Ordinal: second
    Latinate ordinal: secondary
    Adverbial: two times, twice
    Multiplier: twofold
    Latinate multiplier: double
    Distributive: doubly
    Collective: both, pair, twosome
    Multiuse collective: doublet, couple, couplet
    Greek or Latinate collective: dyad
    Metric collective prefix: double-
    Greek collective prefix: di-, duo-
    Latinate collective prefix: bi-
    Fractional: half
    Metric fractional prefix: demi-
    Latinate fractional prefix: semi-
    Elemental: twin, doublet
    Greek prefix: deutero-
    Number of musicians: duo, duet, duplet
    Number of years: biennium

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English half, halfe from Old English healf (half); as a noun, 'half', 'side', 'part', from Proto-West Germanic *halb, from Proto-Germanic *halbaz.

PronunciationEdit

Rhymes: -ɑːf
Rhymes: -æf

NounEdit

half (plural halves)

  1. One of two usually roughly equal parts into which anything may be divided, or considered as divided.
    I ate the slightly smaller half of the apple.
    You don’t know the half of it.
    Of the passengers on the plane, half were English.
    The cake was delicious: half was vanilla and half was chocolate.
  2. (sports) One of the two opposite parts of the playing field of various sports, in which each starts the game.
    • 2011 September 16, Ben Dirs, “Rugby World Cup 2011: New Zealand 83-7 Japan”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      However, the hosts hit back and hit back hard, first replacement hooker Andrew Hore sliding over, then Williams careering out of his own half and leaving several defenders for dead before flipping the ball to Nonu to finish off a scintillating move.
  3. Half of a standard measure, chiefly: (Britain) half a pint of beer or cider.
    • 1968, John Braine, The Crying Game, Houghton Mifflin, page 11,
      He came back with a pint of Guinness for me and a half of bitter for Wendy.
    • 1974, James Herriot, All Things Bright and Beautiful, St. Martin's Press,, →ISBN:
      I accepted a half of bitter from him.
    • 2006, Bill Appleton, Wide Boy, Pegasus Elliot Mackenzie, →ISBN, page 168:
      I went to the bar where I bought a pint and two large brandies. ... "Not brandy," she replied, "but I could use a long drink - maybe a half of lager."
  4. (preceded by “a” or a number) The fraction obtained by dividing 1 by 2.
    Synonym: ½
    Three-quarters minus a quarter is a half.
  5. Any of the three terms at Eton College, for Michaelmas, Lent, and summer.
  6. (slang) A half sibling.
    • 2016, Robert M. Herzog, A World Between:
      So for Richard and Barbara, Jeff and Kari, the impossibly varied collection of steps and halves that is another legacy of my father.
  7. (UK, archaic) A child ticket.
  8. (sports) abbreviated form for half marathon.
  9. (numismatic slang) Clipping of half-dollar.
    • 2002 August 15, Fred A. Murphy, “FA: Last of the Walkers”, in rec.collecting.coins, Usenet[2], retrieved 2023-01-03:
      Tonight, we're offering the last of the Walking Liberty Halves for awhile:

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AdjectiveEdit

half (not comparable)

  1. Consisting of a half (½, 50%).
    Synonyms: semi-, hemi-, demi-
    a half kilo
    a half hour
    a half dollar
  2. Consisting of some indefinite portion resembling a half; approximately a half, whether more or less; partial; imperfect.
    a half truth
  3. (of a sibling) Having one parent (rather than two) in common.
  4. (of a relative other than a sibling) Related through one common grandparent or ancestor rather than two.

Usage notesEdit

  • (consisting of a half): The adjective and noun are often united to form a compound, half-hour.

Derived termsEdit

See also those listed at Category:English terms prefixed with half-.

DescendantsEdit

  • Fiji Hindi: haafaa
  • Hawaiian: hapa
  • Japanese: ハーフ (hāfu)
  • Maori: hāwhe
  • Pitjantjatjara: aapa

TranslationsEdit

AdverbEdit

half (not comparable)

  1. In two equal parts or to an equal degree.
  2. In some part approximating a half.
  3. Partially; imperfectly.
    half-colored
    half done
    half persuaded
    half conscious
    He does sometimes half wish to change his life, but it is too difficult.
  4. Practically, nearly.

Usage notesEdit

  • (approximating a half): The phrase half again expresses an amount in addition to the amount being compared to. E.g., half as many people refers to 50% of the original number, while half again as many people refers to 150% of the original number.

SynonymsEdit

  • (partially; imperfectly): halfly (obsolete)

Derived termsEdit

Terms derived from half (adverb)

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

half (third-person singular simple present halves, present participle halving, simple past and past participle halved)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To halve.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:bisect

TranslationsEdit

PrepositionEdit

half

  1. (UK, Ireland) Half past; a half-hour (30 minutes) after the last hour.
    Synonym: (North America, Australia) half past
    The time is 9:30; it is half nine.
  2. (Discuss(+) this sense) (rare, see usage notes) A half-hour to (preceding) the next hour.
    In some countries, "half seven" means 6:30.

Usage notesEdit

In English, the first sense (half past) is the only sense in current use. The second sense (half-hour before) is almost exclusively used in reference to other cultural or linguistic backgrounds where a similar usage exists.

InterjectionEdit

half

  1. (theater) A call reminding performers that the performance will begin in thirty minutes.

ReferencesEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch half, from Old Dutch *half, from Proto-West Germanic *halb, from Proto-Germanic *halbaz.

Cognate with English half, German halb, West Frisian heal, Danish halv.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

half (not comparable)

  1. half
  2. (with numbers) half before the next whole
    half tien
    half past nine (i.e. half of the tenth hour)
    anderhalf
    one and a half (half before two, with ander originally meaning second)
  3. (with months) the middle of that month
    half maart
    mid-March

InflectionEdit

Inflection of half
uninflected half
inflected halve
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial half
indefinite m./f. sing. halve
n. sing. half
plural halve
definite halve
partitive halfs

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

half

  1. first/third-person singular preterite of helfen

Middle EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English healf, half, from Proto-West Germanic *halb, from Proto-Germanic *halbaz.

NounEdit

half (plural halves or halfes or halven)

  1. half
  2. part; side; behalf
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wyclif to this entry?)

Alternative formsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

half

  1. half

Alternative formsEdit

AdverbEdit

half

  1. half

Alternative formsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit