- 1 English
- 2 Irish
- 3 Scottish Gaelic
From Middle English gayole, Middle English gajol, gaylle, gaille, gayle, gaile, via Old French gaiole, gayolle, gaole, from Medieval Latin gabiola, for Vulgar Latin *caveola, a diminutive of Latin cavea (“cavity, coop, cage”). See also cage.
gaol (plural gaols)
- (Commonwealth of Nations) jail
- 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 3, in The China Governess:
- ‘[…] There's every Staffordshire crime-piece ever made in this cabinet, and that's unique. The Van Hoyer Museum in New York hasn't that very rare second version of Maria Marten's Red Barn over there, nor the little Frederick George Manning—he was the criminal Dickens saw hanged on the roof of the gaol in Horsemonger Lane, by the way—’
Gaol was the more common spelling between about 1760 and 1830, and is still preferred in proper names in some regions. Most Australian newspapers use jail rather than gaol, citing either narrower print width or the possibility of transposing letters in gaol to produce goal. By far the most common spelling in Canada is jail, but a handful of legal writers use gaol; see for example , para. 26.
- See also Thesaurus:jail
- ^ https://books.google.com/ngrams/graph?content=gaol%2Cjail&year_start=1700&year_end=2000&corpus=15
- ^ 1996, Sally A. White, Reporting in Australia, page 275
- salachar gaoil (“distant relationship”)
- neasghaol (“next of kin”)
- gaolmhar (“associated; relative, related; cognate”)
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.|
- love, affection
- Tha gaol agam ort. ― I love you.(literally "is love at me on you")
- Ghabh i trom ghaol air. ― She fell madly in love with him.
|Vocative||a ghaoil||a ghaola|
Forms with the definite article
|Nominative||an gaol||na gaoil|
|Dative||a' ghaol||na gaoil|
|Genitive||a' ghaoil||nan gaol|
The love expressed by gaol is more intimate in nature than that of gràdh.
|Scottish Gaelic mutation|
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every|
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
- Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Alexander MacBain, Eneas Mackay, 1911