kindred

See also: Kindred

EnglishEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English kyndrede, alteration (with epenthetic d) of kynrede (kindred), from Old English cynrēd, cynrǣden (kindred, family, generation, posterity, stock, species), from cynn (kind, sort, quality, race, family, rank, gender) + -rǣden (condition, state), equivalent to kin +‎ -red. More at kin.

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: ˈkĭndrĭd, ˈkĭndrəd, IPA(key): /ˈkɪndɹɪd/, /ˈkɪndɹəd/
  • (file)

NounEdit

kindred (countable and uncountable, plural kindreds)

  1. (often plural only) Distant and close relatives, collectively; kin. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  2. (often plural only) People of the same ethnic descent, not including speaker; brethren.
  3. (countable) A grouping of relatives.
  4. (uncountable) Blood relationship.
    • 1777, Richard Brinsley Sheridan, The School for Scandal, V.i:
      He that is in Distress tho' a stranger has a right to claim kindred with the wealthy—
  5. (uncountable) Affinity, likeness.
  6. (countable) One who is kindred, literally or figuratively; a kin, kinsman.
    • 1995, Alanis Morissette (lyrics and music), “All I Really Want”, in Jagged Little Pill:
      And what I wouldn't give to find a soulmate?/Someone else to catch this drift/And what I wouldn't give to meet a kindred?
  7. (countable, Germanic paganism) A household or group following the modern pagan faith of Heathenry or Ásatrú.
    Synonyms: hearth, garth, stead
    • 2009, Mark Ludwig Stinson, Heathen Gods: A Collection of Essays Concerning the Folkway of Our People[1], page 174:
      We talked with Jonina about our kindred, Heathenry in the United States, Asatru in Iceland, and the details of our religious practice. []
    • 2013 November 8, Patricia M. Lafayllve, A Practical Heathen's Guide to Asatru[2], Llewellyn Worldwide, →ISBN, page 117:
      Your chosen kindred or other group is a Venn circle that contains you, but it may not be the same circle as your family.
    • 2019 May 20, Theodoric Dukka, A Heathen's Guide: Experiences & Advice On Magic & Spiritworking[3], →ISBN, page 101:
      Not all, but many people believe that if you're not in a kindred, then you are not a real Norse Pagan or heathen.

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AdjectiveEdit

kindred (not comparable)

  1. Of the same nature, or of similar character.
    • 1924, Aristotle, Metaphysics, translated by W. D. Ross, Nashotah, Wisconsin, USA: The Classical Library, 2001, book 1, part 1.
      We have said in the Ethics what the difference is between art and science and the other kindred faculties;
  2. Connected, related, cognate, akin.
    kindred tongues

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