From Middle English garland, garlaunde, gerland, from Old French garlande, garlaunde, gerlande, guerlande (compare French guirlande), from Frankish *wierlōn, *wieralōn, a frequentative form of Frankish *wierōn (“to adorn, bedeck”), from *wiera (“a gold thread”), from or related to Proto-Germanic *wīraz.
garland (plural garlands)
- A circular or linear decoration, especially one of plaited flowers or leaves, worn on the body or draped as a decoration.
- An accolade or mark of honour.
- (mining) A metal gutter placed round a mineshaft on the inside, to catch water running down inside the shaft and run it into a drainpipe.
- The crown of a monarch.
- 1569, Richard Grafton, A Chronicle at Large, and Meere History of the Affayres of Englande, […], London: […] Henry Denham, […], for Richarde Tottle and Humffrey Toye, →OCLC; republished in Grafton’s Chronicle; or, History of England. […], volumes (please specify |volume=I or II), London: […] [George Woodfall] for J[oseph] Johnson; […], 1809, →OCLC:
- [she] joyfully receyued and welcommed mee, as the onely type and garland of her noble stirpe and linage
- (dated) A book of extracts in prose or poetry; an anthology.
- 1765, Thomas Percy, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry:
- They [ballads] began to be collected into little miscellanies under the name of garlands.
- The top; the thing most prized.
- c. 1608–1609 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Coriolanus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act I, scene i]:
- And call him noble that was now your hate,
Him vile that was your garland.
- (nautical) A sort of netted bag used by sailors to keep provisions in.
- (nautical) A grommet or ring of rope lashed to a spar for convenience in handling.
Derived terms edit
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
See also edit
- (transitive) To deck or ornament something with a garland.
- 2008, Preeta Samarasan, Evening is the Whole Day, Fourth Estate, page 206:
- Anand disembarks like a statesman from the Volkswagen to be garlanded immediately by five different women.
- (transitive) To form something into a garland.