From Middle English prose, from Old French prose, from Latin prōsa (“straightforward”) from the term prōsa ōrātiō (“a straightforward speech – i.e. without the ornaments of verse”).
further etymology and related terms
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈpɹəʊz/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈpɹoʊz/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Rhymes: -əʊz
- Homophone: pros
prose (usually uncountable, plural proses)
- Language, particularly written language, not intended as poetry.
- Though known mostly for her prose, she also produced a small body of excellent poems.
- 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost (1st ed):
- ...Or if Sion Hill
Delight thee more, and Siloa's Brook that flow’d
Faft by the Oracle of God; I thence
Invoke thy aid to my adventrous Song,
That with no middle flight intends to soar
Above th’ Ionian Mounts while it pursues
Things unattempted yet in Prose or Rhime...
- Language which evinces little imagination or animation; dull and commonplace discourse.
- (Roman Catholicism) A hymn with no regular meter, sometimes introduced into the Mass.
- 1699, A new ecclesiastical history:
written language not intended as poetry
prose (third-person singular simple present proses, present participle prosing, simple past and past participle prosed)
- To write or repeat in a dull, tedious, or prosy way.
- 1819, John Keats, Otho the Great, Act I, Scene II, verses 189-190:
- Pray, do not prose, good Ethelbert, but speak;
What is your purpose?
- 1896, Robert Smythe Hichens, The Folly of Eustace:
- Already he felt himself near to being a celebrity. He had astonished Eton. That was a good beginning. Papa might prose, knowing, of course, nothing of the poetry of caricature, of the wild joys and the laurels that crown the whimsical. So while Mr. Lane hunted adjectives, and ran sad-sounding and damnatory substantives to earth, Eustace hugged himself, and secretly chuckled over his pilgrim's progress towards the pages of Vanity Fair.
- ^ “prose, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 29 September 2021.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Douglas Harper (2001–2023), “prose”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
- “prose”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
prose f (plural proses)
- inflection of proser:
- “prose”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.
From Proto-Slavic *porsę.
prose n (genitive proseśa, dual proseśi, plural proseta)
declension of prose
- Muka, Arnošt (1921, 1928), “prose”, in Słownik dolnoserbskeje rěcy a jeje narěcow (in German), St. Petersburg, Prague: ОРЯС РАН, ČAVU; Reprinted Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag, 2008
- Starosta, Manfred (1999), “prose”, in Dolnoserbsko-nimski słownik / Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch (in German), Bautzen: Domowina-Verlag