See also: Glan and glân

Breton

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Etymology

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From Proto-Brythonic *glan, from Proto-Celtic *glanos (clean, clear).

Adjective

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glan

  1. pure

Mutation

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Irish

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Old Irish glan, from Proto-Celtic *glanos (clean, clear).

Adjective

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glan (genitive singular masculine glain, genitive singular feminine glaine, plural glana, comparative glaine)

  1. clean
  2. clear
Declension
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Archaic declension
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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From Old Irish glanaid (cleanses, purifies, purges), from the adjective.

Verb

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glan (present analytic glanann, future analytic glanfaidh, verbal noun glanadh, past participle glanta)

  1. clean
Conjugation
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Derived terms
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Mutation

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Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
glan ghlan nglan
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading

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References

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  1. ^ Sjoestedt, M. L. (1931) Phonétique d’un parler irlandais de Kerry (in French), Paris: Librairie Ernest Leroux, page 42

Old Irish

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Etymology

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From Proto-Celtic *glanos.

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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glan

  1. clean
  2. pure
  3. clear

Inflection

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o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative glan glan glan
Vocative glain*
glan**
Accusative glan glain
Genitive glain glaine glain
Dative glan glain glan
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative glain glana
Vocative glanu
glana
Accusative glanu
glana
Genitive glan
Dative glanaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Irish: glan
  • Scottish Gaelic: glan

Verb

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·glan

  1. third-person singular preterite conjunct of glanaid

glan

  1. second-person singular imperative of glanaid

Mutation

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Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
glan glan
pronounced with /ɣ(ʲ)-/
nglan
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading

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Old Polish

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *glěnь. First attested in the end of the 15th century.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /ɡlʲaːn/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /ɡlʲɒn/

Noun

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glan m animacy unattested

  1. dirt, filth
    • 1968 [End of the 15th century], Roman Laskowski, Józef Reczek, editors, Glosy polskie rękopisu Sermones de tempore et de sanctis nr. XV 32 Biblioteki OO. Dominikanów w Krakowie z drugiej połowy XV wieku[1], Sandomierz: Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich, page 73:
      Sed, heu, multi sunt peccatores, qui se abscondunt in squalore, w glanye, immundicie
      [Sed, heu, multi sunt peccatores, qui se abscondunt in squalore, w glanie, immundicie]

Descendants

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Further reading

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Polish

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Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology

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From glanc with a semantic shift of shine to boots polished to a shine to bovver boot.[1]

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ɡlan/
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -an
  • Syllabification: glan

Noun

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glan m inan

  1. bovver boot

Declension

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References

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  1. ^ Adam Fałowski (2022) Słownik etymologiczny polszczyzny potocznej, Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, →ISBN

Further reading

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  • glan in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • glan in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Scottish Gaelic

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Etymology 1

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From Old Irish glan, from Proto-Celtic *glanos (clean, clear).

Adjective

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glan (comparative glaine)

  1. clean
  2. pure
  3. fine, grand, sheer

Etymology 2

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From Old Irish glanaid (cleanses, purifies, purges), from glan.

Verb

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glan (past ghlan, future glanaidh, verbal noun glanadh, past participle glante)

  1. clean, purify
  2. purge, refine
  3. weed

Welsh

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Etymology

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From Middle Welsh glann, from Proto-Brythonic *glann, from Proto-Celtic *glannos; see *glendos.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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glan f (plural glannau or glennydd)

  1. bank, shore

Derived terms

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Mutation

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Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
glan lan nglan unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading

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  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “glan”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies