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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

re- +‎ fine

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

refine (third-person singular simple present refines, present participle refining, simple past and past participle refined)

  1. (transitive) To purify; reduce to a fine, unmixed, or pure state; to free from impurities
    • 2013 August 3, “Yesterday’s fuel”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8847:
      The dawn of the oil age was fairly recent. Although the stuff was used to waterproof boats in the Middle East 6,000 years ago, extracting it in earnest began only in 1859 after an oil strike in Pennsylvania. [] It was used to make kerosene, the main fuel for artificial lighting after overfishing led to a shortage of whale blubber. Other liquids produced in the refining process, too unstable or smoky for lamplight, were burned or dumped.
    to refine gold
    to refine iron
    to refine wine
    to refine sugar
  2. (intransitive) To become pure; to be cleared of impure matter.
  3. (transitive) To purify of coarseness, vulgarity, inelegance etc.; to polish.
    to refine someone's manners
    to refine a language
    A refined style
    to refine one's tastes
  4. (transitive, intransitive) To improve in accuracy, delicacy, or excellence.
    • 1815, Jane Austen, Emma, volume I, chapter 9:
      My dear Harriet, you must not refine too much upon this charade.—You will betray your feelings improperly, if you are too conscious and too quick, and appear to affix more meaning, or even quite all the meaning which may be affixed to it.
  5. (transitive) To make nice or subtle
    to refine thought
    to refine someone's language

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


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VerbEdit

refine

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of refinar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of refinar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of refinar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of refinar.