Latin edit

Etymology edit

From īnfirmus (weak, feeble) +‎ -tās, from in- (not) +‎ firmus (strong, firm) from Proto-Italic *fermos from root Proto-Indo-European *dʰer- (to hold, support).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

īnfirmitās f (genitive īnfirmitātis); third declension

  1. weakness, feebleness, infirmity
    Synonyms: dēbilitās, impotentia, valētūdō
    Antonyms: dūritia, fortitūdō, potentia, potestās, salūbritās, salūs, salūtāre
  2. sickness
    Synonyms: aegritūdō, morbus, malum, pestis, incommodum, valētūdō, labor
    Antonyms: salūs, valētūdō

Declension edit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative īnfirmitās īnfirmitātēs
Genitive īnfirmitātis īnfirmitātum
Dative īnfirmitātī īnfirmitātibus
Accusative īnfirmitātem īnfirmitātēs
Ablative īnfirmitāte īnfirmitātibus
Vocative īnfirmitās īnfirmitātēs

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • infirmitas”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • infirmitas”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • infirmitas in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • infirmitas in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette, page 814
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • weakmindedness: ingenii infirmitas or imbecillitas