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  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈleɪ.bɚ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eɪbə(r)


labor (countable and uncountable, plural labors)

  1. American standard spelling of labour.

Derived termsEdit


labor (third-person singular simple present labors, present participle laboring, simple past and past participle labored)

  1. American standard spelling of labour.




Borrowed from Latin labor.


labor m (plural labors)

  1. labour, work



Borrowed from German Labor.[1]


  • IPA(key): [ˈlɒbor]
  • Hyphenation: la‧bor


labor (plural laborok)

  1. laboratory


Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative labor laborok
accusative labort laborokat
dative labornak laboroknak
instrumental laborral laborokkal
causal-final laborért laborokért
translative laborrá laborokká
terminative laborig laborokig
essive-formal laborként laborokként
inessive laborban laborokban
superessive laboron laborokon
adessive labornál laboroknál
illative laborba laborokba
sublative laborra laborokra
allative laborhoz laborokhoz
elative laborból laborokból
delative laborról laborokról
ablative labortól laboroktól
Possessive forms of labor
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. laborom laborjaim
2nd person sing. laborod laborjaid
3rd person sing. laborja laborjai
1st person plural laborunk laborjaink
2nd person plural laborotok laborjaitok
3rd person plural laborjuk laborjaik




Etymology 1Edit

Of uncertain origin.

Alternative formsEdit



labor m (genitive labōris); third declension

  1. work
  2. labour
  3. illness

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative labor labōrēs
genitive labōris labōrum
dative labōrī labōribus
accusative labōrem labōrēs
ablative labōre labōribus
vocative labor labōrēs
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *(s)leh₂b- (to hang loosely, be weak). Cognate with labō, English sleep.



lābor (present infinitive lābī, perfect active lāpsus sum); third conjugation, deponent

  1. to slip
  2. to glide, flow

This verb takes the future passive participle lābundus instead of *lābendus.

   Conjugation of labor (third conjugation, deponent)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present lābor lāberis, lābere lābitur lābimur lābiminī lābuntur
imperfect lābēbar lābēbāris, lābēbāre lābēbātur lābēbāmur lābēbāminī lābēbantur
future lābar lābēris, lābēre lābētur lābēmur lābēminī lābentur
perfect lāpsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect lāpsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect lāpsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present lābar lābāris, lābāre lābātur lābāmur lābāminī lābantur
imperfect lāberer lāberēris, lāberēre lāberētur lāberēmur lāberēminī lāberentur
perfect lāpsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect lāpsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present lābere lābiminī
future lābitor lābitor lābuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives lābī lāpsus esse lāpsūrus esse
participles lābēns lāpsus lāpsūrus lābundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
lābī lābendī lābendō lābendum lāpsum lāpsū
Derived termsEdit


  • labor in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • labor in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • labor in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to exert oneself very energetically in a matter: multum operae ac laboris consumere in aliqua re
    • the matter involves much labour and fatigue: res est multi laboris et sudoris
    • to spare no pains: labori, operae non parcere
    • not to leave off work for an instant: nullum tempus a labore intermittere
    • to spare oneself the trouble of the voyage: labore supersedēre (itineris) (Fam. 4. 2. 4)
    • capable of exertion: patiens laboris
    • lazy: fugiens laboris
    • to take a false step: per errorem labi, or simply labi
    • to make a slip of the memory: memoriā labi
    • to make a mistake in writing: labi in scribendo
    • immorality is daily gaining ground: mores in dies magis labuntur (also with ad, e.g. ad mollitiem)
    • (ambiguous) to drain the cup of sorrow: omnes labores exanclare
    • (ambiguous) rest after toil is sweet: acti labores iucundi (proverb.)
  • labor in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016



From Latin labor, labōrem.


labor f (plural labores)

  1. job
  2. work
  3. labor

Related termsEdit