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From Latin malum



malum (plural malums)

  1. an evil or wrongdoing.



Etymology 1Edit

From malus (evil, wicked).




  1. inflection of malus:
    1. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter singular
    2. accusative masculine singular


malum n (genitive malī); second declension

  1. an evil, misfortune, calamity
  2. harm, injury

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative malum mala
Genitive malī malōrum
Dative malō malīs
Accusative malum mala
Ablative malō malīs
Vocative malum mala




  1. damn!, fuck!, alas!, misery!
    • c. 200 BCE, Plautus, Menaechmi 2.3.389.390:
      Erotium: Certo, tibi et parasito tuo.
      Sosicles: Quoi, malum, parasito? Certo haec mulier non sana est satis.
      Certainly you did, for yourself and your parasite."
      "For whom? Fuck, parasite? Surely this woman isn't quite right in her senses.

Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek μῆλον (mêlon, tree, fruit), specifically Doric, Aeolic Greek μᾶλον (mâlon).



mālum n (genitive mālī); second declension

  1. apple (fruit)
  2. the plant Aristolochia

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mālum māla
Genitive mālī mālōrum
Dative mālō mālīs
Accusative mālum māla
Ablative mālō mālīs
Vocative mālum māla
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit


  • malum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • malum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • malum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • malum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to be broken down by misfortune: in malis iacere
    • (ambiguous) to be hard pressed by misfortune: malis urgeri
    • (ambiguous) to deserve ill of a person; to treat badly: male mereri de aliquo
    • (ambiguous) to have a good or bad reputation, be spoken well, ill of: bene, male audire (ab aliquo)
    • (ambiguous) to have a good or bad reputation, be spoken well, ill of: bona, mala existimatio est de aliquo
    • (ambiguous) to inculcate good (bad) principles: bene (male) praecipere alicui
    • (ambiguous) moral science; ethics: philosophia, in qua de bonis rebus et malis, deque hominum vita et moribus disputatur
    • (ambiguous) my mind forebodes misfortune: animus praesāgit malum
    • (ambiguous) my mind forebodes misfortune: animo praesagio malum
    • (ambiguous) a guilty conscience: conscientia mala or peccatorum, culpae, sceleris, delicti
    • (ambiguous) a guilty conscience: animus male sibi conscius
    • (ambiguous) to be tormented by remorse: conscientia mala angi, excruciari
    • (ambiguous) a moral (immoral) man: homo bene (male) moratus
    • (ambiguous) to bless (curse) a person: precari alicui bene (male) or omnia bona (mala), salutem
    • (ambiguous) to manage one's affairs, household, property well or ill: rem bene (male) gerere (vid. sect. XVI. 10a)
    • (ambiguous) from beginning to end: ab ovo usque ad mala (proverb.)
    • (ambiguous) to buy dearly: magno or male emere
    • (ambiguous) to win, lose a fight (of the commander): rem (bene, male) gerere (vid. sect. XII. 2, note rem gerere...)
    • (ambiguous) I am sorry to hear..: male (opp. bene) narras (de)