initium

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From ineō (go in, make a start) +‎ -ium, the former from in (in, into) +‎ (go).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

initium n (genitive initiī or initī); second declension

  1. beginning, start
  2. (in the plural) rites, mysteries

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative initium initia
Genitive initiī
initī1
initiōrum
Dative initiō initiīs
Accusative initium initia
Ablative initiō initiīs
Vocative initium initia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Old Breton: enet
  • Catalan: inici
  • Galician: inzo
  • Galician: inicio
  • Italian: inizio
  • Portuguese: início
  • Spanish: inicio
  • Old Irish: init
  • Welsh: Ynyd

ReferencesEdit

  • initium in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • initium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • initium in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to begin with a thing: initium capere; incipere ab aliqua re
    • to commence a thing: initium facere, ducere, sumere (alicuius rei)
    • to start from small beginnings: ab exiguis initiis proficisci
    • to begin to speak: initium dicendi facere
    • to commence hostilities: bellum incipere, belli initium facere (B. G. 7. 1. 5)
    • (ambiguous) the elements: elementa; initia or principia rerum
    • (ambiguous) at the beginning of the year: initio anni, ineunte anno