See also: finís, finiš, and finiş

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Latin fīnis ‎(end; limit)

NounEdit

finis ‎(plural finises)

  1. An end (of a book etc.)
    • 1836, — Frederick Marryat, Mr Midshipman Easy
      He had gone through the work from the title-page to the finis at least forty times, and had just commenced it over again.
    • 1922, James Joyce, Ulysses, Episode 16
      Highly providential was the appearance on the scene of Corny Kelleher when Stephen was blissfully unconscious but for that man in the gap turning up at the eleventh hour the finis might have been that he might have been a candidate for the accident ward...

EsperantoEdit

VerbEdit

finis

  1. past of fini

FrenchEdit

IdoEdit

VerbEdit

finis

  1. past of finar

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Disputed.[1] Possibly for *fignis, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeygʷ- ‎(to stick, set up), whence figō[2], or for *fidnis, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeyd- ‎(to split), whence findō.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fīnis m, f ‎(genitive fīnis); third declension

  1. end
    • Vergil. Aeneid, I
      devs dabit finem quoqve his
      God will give an end to these (things) also.
  2. limit, border, boundary
  3. limit in duration, term (duration of a set length)
    • 27 BCE – 25 BCE, Titus Livius, Ab urbe condita libri 26.1
      huic generi militum senatus eundem, quem Cannensibus, finem statuerat militiae.
      For this class of soldier the senate had established a limit in duration to their military service, which was the same as the men at Cannae.
  4. purpose
  5. death

InflectionEdit

Third declension, alternative ablative singular in and accusative plural in -īs.

Case Singular Plural
nominative fīnis fīnēs
genitive fīnis fīnium
dative fīnī fīnibus
accusative fīnem fīnēs
fīnīs
ablative fīne
fīnī
fīnibus
vocative fīnis fīnēs

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Asturian: fin
  • Catalan: fi
  • Dalmatian: fain
  • Dutch: finish (borrowing from English)
  • English: finish (from fīniō, through Old French)
  • French: fin
  • Friulian: fin

VerbEdit

fīnīs

  1. second-person singular present active of fīniō

ReferencesEdit

  • finis in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • finis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • FINIS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • finis in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to enlarge the boundaries of a kingdom: fines (imperii) propagare, extendere, (longius) proferre
    • to evacuate territory: (ex) finibus excedere
    • to put an end to one's life: vitae finem facere
    • such was the end of... (used of a violent death): talem vitae exitum (not finem) habuit (Nep. Eum. 13)
    • to finish, complete, fulfil, accomplish a thing: finem facere alicuius rei
    • to finish, complete, fulfil, accomplish a thing: finem imponere, afferre, constituere alicui rei
    • to finish, complete, fulfil, accomplish a thing: ad finem aliquid adducere
    • to come to an end: finem habere
    • to cease speaking: finem dicendi facere
    • to impose fixed limitations: fines certos terminosque constituere
    • to put an end to war: belli finem facere, bellum finire
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Tucker, T.G., Etymological Dictionary of Latin, Ares Publishers, 1976 (reprint of 1931 edition).

PijinEdit

EtymologyEdit

English finish

ParticleEdit

finis

  1. Tense marker for the past perfect tense
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