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See also: finís, finiš, and finiş




Borrowed from Latin fīnis (end; limit).



  1. The end (of a book or other work).
    • 1836, — Frederick Marryat, Mr Midshipman Easy
      He had gone through the work from the title-page to the finis at least forty times, and had just commenced it over again.
    • 1922 February, James Joyce, Ulysses, Paris: Shakespeare & Co.; Sylvia Beach, OCLC 560090630; republished London: Published for the Egoist Press, London by John Rodker, Paris, October 1922, OCLC 2297483:
      , Episode 16
      Highly providential was the appearance on the scene of Corny Kelleher when Stephen was blissfully unconscious but for that man in the gap turning up at the eleventh hour the finis might have been that he might have been a candidate for the accident ward []




  1. past of fini





  1. past of finar



Disputed.[1] Possibly for *fignis, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeygʷ- (to stick, set up), whence figō[2], or for *fidnis, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeyd- (to split), whence findō.



fīnis m, f (genitive fīnis); third declension

  1. end
    • Vergil. Aeneid, I
      Deus dabit finem quoque his
      God will give an end to these (things) also.
  2. limit, border, boundary
  3. (in the plural) boundaries; by extension, territory, region, lands
  4. limit in duration, term (duration of a set length)
    • 27 BCE – 25 BCE, Titus Livius, Ab urbe condita libri 26.1
      huic generi militum senatus eundem, quem Cannensibus, finem statuerat militiae.
      For this class of soldier the senate had established a limit in duration to their military service, which was the same as the men at Cannae.
  5. purpose
  6. death


Third declension, alternative ablative singular in and accusative plural in -īs.

Case Singular Plural
nominative fīnis fīnēs
genitive fīnis fīnium
dative fīnī fīnibus
accusative fīnem fīnēs
ablative fīne
vocative fīnis fīnēs

Derived termsEdit


  • Asturian: fin
  • Catalan: fi
  • Dalmatian: fain
  • Dutch: finish (borrowing from English)
  • English: finish (from fīniō, through Old French)
  • French: fin
  • Friulian: fin



  1. second-person singular present active of fīniō


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill
  2. ^ Tucker, T.G., Etymological Dictionary of Latin, Ares Publishers, 1976 (reprint of 1931 edition).

Further readingEdit

  • finis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • finis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “finis”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • finis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français [Illustrated Latin-French Dictionary], Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to enlarge the boundaries of a kingdom: fines (imperii) propagare, extendere, (longius) proferre
    • to evacuate territory: (ex) finibus excedere
    • to put an end to one's life: vitae finem facere
    • such was the end of... (used of a violent death): talem vitae exitum (not finem) habuit (Nep. Eum. 13)
    • to finish, complete, fulfil, accomplish a thing: finem facere alicuius rei
    • to finish, complete, fulfil, accomplish a thing: finem imponere, afferre, constituere alicui rei
    • to finish, complete, fulfil, accomplish a thing: ad finem aliquid adducere
    • to come to an end: finem habere
    • to cease speaking: finem dicendi facere
    • to impose fixed limitations: fines certos terminosque constituere
    • to put an end to war: belli finem facere, bellum finire



From English finish



  1. Tense marker for the past perfect tense