From con- + trahō (“drag”).
contrahō (present infinitive contrahere, perfect active contrāxī, supine contractum); third conjugation
- I draw, bring or drag several objects together; collect, assemble, gather, amass.
- I bring about, accomplish, execute, get, cause, produce, make.
- I make a contract, conclude, transact, do business, contract.
- I draw close or together, draw in, contract, compress, shorten, narrow, lessen, abridge, diminish.
- (architecture) I make smaller or tapering, narrow.
- I draw in, lessen, check, restrain.
- contraho in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- contraho in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- contraho in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
- Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- to frown: frontem contrahere (opp. explicare)
- to form a friendship with any one: amicitiam cum aliquo jungere, facere, inire, contrahere
- to have business relations with some one: contrahere rem or negotium cum aliquo (Cluent. 14. 41)
- to do no business with a man: nihil cum aliquo contrahere
- to incur debts: aes alienum (always in sing.) facere, contrahere
- to commit some blameworthy action: culpam committere, contrahere
- to concentrate troops: conducere, contrahere copias
- to furl the sails: vela contrahere (also metaph.)