From se- (“away”) + luo (“to untie, set free, separate”).
solvō (present infinitive solvere, perfect active solvī, supine solūtum); third conjugation
- loosen, untie, undo; free [up], release, acquit, exempt
- solve, explain
- dissolve, break up, separate
- relax, slacken, weaken
- cancel, remove, destroy
- pay [up], fulfil
- to undermine
- to get rid of (feelings)
- to let down (hair)
- to open (a letter)
- to unfurl
- to raise (a siege)
- to dismiss (troops)
- “solvo” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
- “solvo” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
- Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- to awake: somno solvi
- to perform the last rites for a person: iusta facere, solvere alicui
- to decide, determine a question: quaestionem solvere
- to open a letter: epistulam solvere, aperire, resignare (of Romans also linum incīdere)
- to accomplish, pay a vow: vota solvere, persolvere, reddere
- to pay money: pecuniam solvere
- to repay a loan: pecuniam creditam solvere
- to pay one's debts: nomina (cf. sect. XIII. 3) solvere, dissolvere, exsolvere
- to pay one's old debts by making new: versurā solvere, dissolvere (Att. 5. 15. 2)
- to free from legal obligations: legibus solvere
- to suffer punishment: poenas dependere, expendere, solvere, persolvere
- to weigh anchor, sail: solvere (B. G. 4. 28)
- to weigh anchor, sail: navem (naves) solvere
- the ships sail from the harbour: naves ex portu solvunt
- De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill