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DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkeːrə(n)/
  • Rhymes: -eːrən
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch keren, from Old Dutch kēren, from Proto-Germanic *karzijaną.

VerbEdit

keren

  1. (ergative) to turn around, to turn around an axis
InflectionEdit
Inflection of keren (weak)
infinitive keren
past singular keerde
past participle gekeerd
infinitive keren
gerund keren n
present tense past tense
1st person singular keer keerde
2nd person sing. (jij) keert keerde
2nd person sing. (u) keert keerde
2nd person sing. (gij) keert keerde
3rd person singular keert keerde
plural keren keerden
subjunctive sing.1 kere keerde
subjunctive plur.1 keren keerden
imperative sing. keer
imperative plur.1 keert
participles kerend gekeerd
1) Archaic.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

NounEdit

keren

  1. plural of keer

AnagramsEdit


Middle DutchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Dutch kēren, from Proto-Germanic *karzijaną.

VerbEdit

kêren

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to turn, to turn over, to turn around
  2. (transitive) to turn, to change
  3. (transitive) to translate
  4. (transitive) to spend (of money)
  5. (transitive) to return, to reimburse
  6. (intransitive) to go
  7. (intransitive) to return, to come back
InflectionEdit
Weak
Infinitive kêren
3rd sg. past
3rd pl. past
Past participle
Infinitive kêren
In genitive kêrens
In dative kêrene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular kêre
2nd singular kêers, kêres
3rd singular kêert, kêret
1st plural kêren
2nd plural kêert, kêret
3rd plural kêren
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular kêre
2nd singular kêers, kêres
3rd singular kêre
1st plural kêren
2nd plural kêert, kêret
3rd plural kêren
Imperative Present
Singular kêer, kêre
Plural kêert, kêret
Present Past
Participle kêrende
DescendantsEdit
  • Dutch: keren
  • Limburgish: kieëre

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Dutch *kerien, from Proto-Germanic *karjaną.

VerbEdit

kēren

  1. to sweep (up)

InflectionEdit

Weak
Infinitive kēren
3rd sg. past
3rd pl. past
Past participle
Infinitive kēren
In genitive kērens
In dative kērene
Indicative Present Past
1st singular kēre
2nd singular kēers, kēres
3rd singular kēert, kēret
1st plural kēren
2nd plural kēert, kēret
3rd plural kēren
Subjunctive Present Past
1st singular kēre
2nd singular kēers, kēres
3rd singular kēre
1st plural kēren
2nd plural kēert, kēret
3rd plural kēren
Imperative Present
Singular kēer, kēre
Plural kēert, kēret
Present Past
Participle kērende

Alternative formsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • keren (II)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • keren (III)”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000

Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “keren (I)”, in Middelniederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page I

Verwijs, E.; Verdam, J. (1885–1929), “keren (II)”, in Middelniederlandsch Woordenboek, The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, →ISBN, page II